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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9849823, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9849823
Research Article

Naturally Occurring Resistance-Associated Variants to Hepatitis C Virus Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents in Treatment-Naive HCV Genotype 6a-Infected Patients

1Department of Infectious Diseases, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, China
2Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Liver Disease, Guangdong, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qingxian Cai; moc.361@000002xqc and Yutian Chong; moc.621@yzykgnohcty

Received 5 April 2017; Revised 31 May 2017; Accepted 10 July 2017; Published 15 October 2017

Academic Editor: Aparup Das

Copyright © 2017 Zhanyi Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. The direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) antiviral therapy has drastically improved the prognosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. However, the viral drug resistance-associated variants (RAVs) can limit the efficacy of DAAs. For the HCV-6a is not the predominant prevalent genotype; the data on the prevalence of naturally occurring RAVs in it is scarce. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of RAVs in treatment-naive HCV-6a patients. Methods. Nested PCR assays were performed on 95 HCV-6a patients to amplify HCV viral regions of NS3, NS5A, and NS5B. Results. In NS3/4A region, we detected Q80K in 95.5% isolates (84/88) and D168E in 2.3% isolates (2/88). In NS5A region, we detected Q30R in 93.2% isolates (82/88), L31M in 4.6% isolates (4/88), and H58P in 6.8% isolates (6/88). In NS5B region, we detected A15G in 2.3% isolates (2/88), S96T in 1.1% isolates (1/88), and S282T in 20.7% isolates (17/88) and we detected I482L in 100% isolates (4/4), V494A in 50% isolates (2/4), and V499A in 100% isolates (4/4). Conclusions. RAVs to DAAs preexist in treatment-naive HCV-6a patients. Further studies should address the issue of the impact of RAVs in response to DAA therapies for HCV-6a patients.