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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 1801798, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1801798
Research Article

Effect of Electromagnetic Waves from Mobile Phones on Spermatogenesis in the Era of 4G-LTE

1Department of Urology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Urology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
3Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Sung Kyu Hong; gro.hbuns@gnohks

Received 18 September 2017; Accepted 29 November 2017; Published 29 January 2018

Academic Editor: Yann Quilichini

Copyright © 2018 Jong Jin Oh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the effect of long duration exposure to electromagnetic field from mobile phones on spermatogenesis in rats using 4G-LTE. Methods. Twenty Sprague-Dawley male rats were placed into 4 groups according to the intensity and exposure duration: Group 1 (sham procedure), Group 2 (3 cm distance + 6 h exposure daily), Group 3 (10 cm distance + 18 h exposure daily), and Group 4 (3 cm distance + 18 h exposure daily). After 1 month, we compared sperm parameters and histopathological findings of the testis. Results. The mean spermatid count (×106/ml) was 398.6 in Group 1, 365.40 in Group 2, 354.60 in Group 3, and 298.60 in Group 4 (). In the second review, the mean count of spermatogonia in Group 4 (43.00) was significantly lower than in Group 1 (57.00) and Group 2 (53.40) ( and , resp.). The sum of the germ cell counts was decreased in Group 4 compared to Groups 1, 2, and 3 (). The mean Leydig cell count was significantly decreased in Group 4 (). Conclusions. The longer exposure duration of electromagnetic field decreased the spermatogenesis. Our findings warrant further investigations on the potential effects of EMF from mobile phones on male fertility.