Table 1: Basic characteristic summary of the reviewed papers.

No.LanguageStudy LocationStudy DesignData SourceTarget population /Sample sizeAuthor and Publication year

1EnglishSichuan and ShandongQuantitative and qualitative(a) Household survey
(b) Interview
2,630 households (Survey)
550 households (Interview)
Ying XH et al. (2007)

2EnglishGuangxi, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Liaoning, and ShandongQuantitative2000, 2004, 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)Rural residents
17,716 adult sample
3,079 child sample
Liu H, Gao S, Rizzo JA (2009)

3Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1998 to 2004 national panel data31 ProvincesShao QQ, Chen J (2009)

4ChineseHubei, Beijing and ShanghaiQuantitative2002 to 2007 statisticHubei, Beijing and ShanghaiLi Q (2009)

5Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1999 to 2007 national panel data31 ProvincesLin QZ (2010)

6Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1998 to 2009 national panel data31 ProvincesLiu FF, Wang XH, Bian H (2010)

7Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2002 to 2009 national panel data31 ProvincesWang XN (2011)

8Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2005 to 2009 national panel data31 ProvincesLi HL (2011)

9Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1997 to 2009 national data31 ProvincesLi BR(2011)

10EnglishBeijing, Shanghai and XiamenQuantitativeTelephone Survey5,097 householdsFang K, Shia B, Ma S (2012)

11EnglishGansuQuantitativeHousehold survey
local statistics yearbook
Interview
Year 2003:3946 households (13,619 individuals)
Year 2008: 3958 households (12,973 individuals)
Chen M, Chen W, Zhao Y (2012)

12Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1985 to 2010 national panel data31 ProvincesWu HB (2012)

13Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2000, 2004 and 2006 CHNS dataCity sample: 8,402
Rural sample: 16,645
Liu H, Wang J (2012)

14ChineseChinaQuantitative(1) Insurance company
(2) Hospital
(1) General hospital population
(2) Specific hospital population
(3) Social health insurance population
(4) Commercial health insurance population
Qiu CJ, Chen T (2012)

15ChineseBeijingQuantitativeSurvey500 persons
(i) 233 male and 267 female
Chai XH, Ji CH (2012)

16ChineseChinaQuantitative2006 Longitudinal survey data1,973 participants aged 60 or aboveQiu Y (2012)

17EnglishNanning, GuangxiQuantitativeSurvey178 respondentsYe AZ, Lu F, Huang WH, Liang J (2013)

18Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2005 to 201031 ProvincesZheng RM, Hua J (2013)

19Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2004, 2006 and 2009 CHNS data31 ProvincesXu R, Zhang D & Ji X (2013)

20EnglishHeilongjiangQuantitativeHousehold survey
Local statistics yearbook
Interview
Year 2003: 3,841 householders (11,572 individuals)
Year 2008: 5,530 householders (15,817 individuals)
Chen M, Zhao Y, Si L (2014)

21Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2003 to 2012 panel data31 ProvincesZhu ML, Gui ZX (2014)

22Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative1999 to 2011 panel data31 ProvincesLiu JY (2014)

23ChineseChinaQuantitative1997 to 2011 panel data31 ProvincesLiu R & Liu HX (2014)

24Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2004 to 2013 panel data31 ProvincesSuo LY, Wanyan RY, Chen T (2015)

25Chinese31 ProvincesQuantitative2000, 2004, 2006 and 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)31 ProvincesJiao N (2015)

26ChineseChinaQuantitative2011 panel data31 ProvincesLiu HL (2015)

27EnglishChinaQuantitativeSurvey17,705 respondentsJin Y, Hou Z, Zhang D (2016)

28ChineseChinaQuantitativeSurveyRural Sample: 7,403
Urban Sample: 6,072
Zhou X, Sun J (2016)

29ChineseNanning CityQuantitativeSurvey263 sampleLi HF (2016)

30Chinese25 ProvincesQuantitative2011 China Household Finance SurveyTotal sample: 5,295
Rural sample: 2,893
Non-rural sample: 2,402
Fu YZ & Su ZF (2016)

31ChineseChinaQuantitative2006 to 2015 Premium income database31 ProvincesZhang ML et al. (2018)

32ChineseChinaQuantitative2009 to 2015 panel data31 ProvincesNi L & Feng GZ (2018)

33ChineseAnhui ProvinceQuantitative2002 to 2015 statistics yearbook and insurance statistic reportAnhui ProvinceZhao HF (2018)

34ChineseChinaQuantitative2004 to 2014 panel data31 ProvincesYan JJ (2018)

35ChineseChinaQuantitative1997 to 201531 ProvincesZhu JM & Wu ZH (2018)