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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 3296893, 12 pages
Review Article

Canine Leishmaniasis: An Overview of the Current Status and Strategies for Control

1Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Campus Juiz de Fora, Rua José Lourenço Kelmer s/n, Campus Universitário, Bairro São Pedro, 36036-900 Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
2Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais (EPAMIG), Campo Experimental de Pitangui, ITAC/EPAMIG, Pitangui, MG, Brazil
4Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofísica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
5Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia, MG, Brazil
6BrasiLeish Group, Study Group on Animal Leishmaniasis, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Raul Rio Ribeiro; rb.ude.fjfu@oir.luar

Received 2 December 2017; Accepted 18 February 2018; Published 29 March 2018

Academic Editor: Francesca Mancianti

Copyright © 2018 Raul Rio Ribeiro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Canine leishmaniasis (CanL) is a vector-borne disease caused by Leishmania infantum and is transmitted by female phlebotomine sand flies primarily between animals and secondarily to humans. The course of infection may be different from one individual dog to another, ranging from spontaneous cure to acute evolution that leads to death, if proper management and therapy are not adopted. A parasitological cure is rarely achieved and clinical recurrences in CanL are frequent. Vaccination associated with the use of topical insecticides is undoubtedly the most effective form of prevention and control of the disease. In order to integrate the most important scientific knowledge of the literature in one objective publication, this review proposes a short overview of the main points of CanL.