BioMed Research International / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Moderate Preterm Infants

Table 3

Clinical factors prior to diagnosis of NEC.

CharacteristicEPT (n=43)MPT (n=99)LPT/T (n=30)P value

Hypotension in first 24 hrs after birth9 (20.9%)4 (4%)00.0005
Exclusive breast milk2 (4.6%)1(1%)2 (6.6%)NS
Mixed Diet (formula and breast milk)32 (74.4%)76 (76.8%)16 (53.4%)0.04
Exclusive formula diet9 (21%)23 (23%)12 (40%)NS
Antibiotic days prior to NEC7.7±4.54.9±3.55.8±3.50.002
Hematocrit at diagnosis (%)33.5±5.634.5±6.341.8±10.40.005
Transfusion in the 48hrs prior to diagnosis11 (25.6%)12 (12.1%)0%0.02
Congenital Gastrointestinal abnormalities†07 (7%)6 (20%)0.006
Genetic/congenital non GI abnormalities‡05 (5%)3 (10%)0.13

† Congenital GI anomalies included gastroschisis (4), Hirschsprung’s disease, imperforate anus, jejunal atresia and Meckels diverticulum. ‡ Genetic/non GI abnormalities included Trisomy 13, Trisomy 21, congenital myopathy, meningomyelocele and 17q21 deletion.

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