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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4806534, 7 pages
Review Article

Noncaloric Sweeteners in Children: A Controversial Theme

1Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago de Chile, Chile
2Carrera de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andres Bello, Sede Concepción, Talcahuano, Chile
3Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile
4Faculdade de Medicina/FAGOC, Ubá, MG, Brazil
5Universidade Estadual de Minas Gerais (UEMG), Barbacena, MG, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Samuel Durán Agüero

Received 7 June 2017; Revised 5 September 2017; Accepted 19 September 2017; Published 8 January 2018

Academic Editor: Manuel Velasco

Copyright © 2018 Samuel Durán Agüero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Noncaloric sweeteners (NCS) are food additives used to provide sweetness without adding calories. Their consumption has become more widespread around the world in all age groups, including children. The aim of this study is to show the state of the art about the intake of noncaloric sweeteners in children, as well as their benefits and consumption risk. Scientific searchers were used (PUBMED, Scopus, and Scielo) to analyze articles that included keywords (noncaloric sweeteners/saccharin/cyclamate/acesulfame potassium/aspartame/sucralose/stevia/children) in English, Spanish, and Portuguese. Authors conclude that it is imperative that health professionals judiciously and individually evaluate the overall benefits and risks of NCS use in consumers before recommending their use. Different subgroups of the population incorporate products containing NCS in their diet with different objectives, which should be considered when recommending a diet plan for the consumer. In childhood, in earlier age groups, this type of additives should be used as a dietary alternative when other forms of prevention in obesity are not sufficient.