Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 4832851, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4832851
Research Article

Multicomponent Exercise Improves Hemodynamic Parameters and Mobility, but Not Maximal Walking Speed, Transfer Capacity, and Executive Function of Older Type II Diabetic Patients

1School of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Human Movement Laboratory, São Judas Tadeu University (USJT), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Center of Health Sciences, University of Mogi das Cruzes, Mogi das Cruzes, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Hélio José Coelho Junior; rb.moc.liamtoh@roinujohleoc

Received 27 June 2017; Revised 13 September 2017; Accepted 9 January 2018; Published 14 February 2018

Academic Editor: Jun Ren

Copyright © 2018 Hélio José Coelho Junior et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on functional, cognitive, and hemodynamic parameters of older Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Moreover, additional analyses were performed to evaluate if T2DM patients present impaired adaptability in response to physical exercise when compared to nondiabetic volunteers. A total of 72 T2DM patients and 72 age-matched healthy volunteers (CG) were recruited and submitted to functional, cognitive, and hemodynamic evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week at moderate intensity. Results indicate T2DM and nondiabetic patients present an increase in mobility (i.e., usual walking speed) after the MCEP. However, improvements in maximal walking speed, transfer capacity, and executive function were only observed in the CG. On the other hand, only T2DM group reveals a marked decline in blood pressure. In conclusion, data of the current study indicate that a 6-month MCEP improves mobility and reduce blood pressure in T2DM patients. However, maximal walking speed, transfer capacity, and executive function were only improved in CG, indicating that T2DM may present impaired adaptability in response to physical stimulus.