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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 5714890, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5714890
Research Article

Exploring Epidemiological Aspects, Distribution of WHO Maternal Near Miss Criteria, and Organ Dysfunction Defined by SOFA in Cases of Severe Maternal Outcome Admitted to Obstetric ICU: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to José Guilherme Cecatti; rb.pmacinu@ittacec

Received 22 April 2018; Revised 7 September 2018; Accepted 30 October 2018; Published 13 November 2018

Academic Editor: Paul M. Tulkens

Copyright © 2018 Antonio Francisco Oliveira Neto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To explore the epidemiological aspects, to describe the frequency and distribution of WHO maternal near miss (MNM) criteria and the presence of organ dysfunction and failure measured by the maximum SOFA (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment) score (SOFA max) in cases of severe maternal outcome (SMO). Methods. In an observational cross-sectional study performed between January 2013 and December 2015, 279 pregnant or postpartum women were admitted to an obstetric ICU (intensive care unit) in Brazil. MNM, maternal death (grouped as SMO), and potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC) were defined according to WHO criteria. For categorical variables, a descriptive analysis was carried out. Frequency and distribution of WHO criteria, organ dysfunction, or failure defined by SOFA max were performed. Results. WHO criteria identified 65 SMO and 214 PLTC. Management criteria were present in 58/65 (89.2%) while 61/65 (93.8%) of SMO cases had dysfunction or failure by SOFA. Conclusions. The systematic evaluation of the organic function by SOFA max score identified the presence of organic dysfunction or failure in almost all SMO cases. Management criteria were present in all MD cases. Our results indicate the need for new studies evaluating the parameterization of the WHO laboratory criteria for values compatible with the definition of organic dysfunction by the SOFA to identify MNM.