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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 5767864, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5767864
Review Article

Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases and Application of Technology for Early Diagnosis

Faculty of Information Technology, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

Correspondence should be addressed to Gamage Upeksha Ganegoda; kl.mou@gahskepu

Received 29 September 2017; Revised 18 March 2018; Accepted 26 March 2018; Published 8 May 2018

Academic Editor: Esteban Martinez

Copyright © 2018 Sachith Paramie Karunathilake and Gamage Upeksha Ganegoda. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases result in millions of deaths around the globe annually, most of which are avoidable if identified early. Preventive healthcare has a major role in the fight against cardiovascular diseases. Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention have their own applications along with benefits and drawbacks. This paper aims to elevate the sensitivity of “secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.” Firstly, it discusses common types of cardiovascular diseases around the globe and their causes. Secondly, it analyzes different risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases and then discusses incoming technological trends in cardiovascular disease prediction and finally provides an insight into the importance of secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases and commonly prescribed interventions for high risk patients.