Table 2: Keratinized mucosa width (KMW) was measured with a periodontal probe (UNC 15, Hu-Friedy, Chicago, IL, USA) from the zenith of the alveolar ridge to the mucogingival junction and expressed in mm and %. Baseline is defined as secondary surgery and implant uncovering.

Examination Time PointMean KMW (mm)Mean KMW (%)Intragroup comparison ( p <0.05)

Pre-Operative1.35±0.32-

1 month7.86±3.22100p>0.05

3 months7.03±1.2389.44p>0.05

6 months6.43±1.8981.80p>0.05

12 months5.67±2.1272.13p>0.05