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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 7236194, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7236194
Research Article

Why They Are Different: Based on the Burden of Disease Research of WHO and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

1Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Nursing, Pyeongtaek University, Pyeongtaek, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Eun-Jung Kim; rk.ca.aerok@40004399

Received 15 January 2018; Accepted 27 February 2018; Published 23 April 2018

Academic Editor: Stephen Munga

Copyright © 2018 Seok-Jun Yoon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. We traced the methodology of measuring the burden of disease of IHME and WHO in detail and we would like to present various perspectives on the aspects that can be acceptable in Korea or not. Study Design. We investigate the methodology and the major outcomes of the studies of burden of disease and show the direction of our future research. We studied and compared WHO’s and IHME’s outcomes in aspect of the data source, methodological differences, and the interpretation ways. Results. Despite the in-depth review, there was “black box” that could not be explained specifically. But there were some estimations and using of data from developed countries which had well-developed population polls. In addition, using DisMod-MR for metaregression of IHME was different from WHO’s DisMod-2. Discussion. It will be necessary to secure the validity of the claim data in order to trace the accuracy of the disease diagnosis. At last, the accuracy of the data used to construct the disease burden survey system should be promoted. To this end, we propose to introduce a cause-of-death estimation system, linking the cause-of-death report and the health insurance claiming system with the electronic medical records that the hospital produces.