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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 7375831, 18 pages
Review Article

Health Risk Behaviour among Adolescents Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), P.O. Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya
2Utrecht Centre for Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands
3Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
4Department of Public Health, Pwani University, P.O. Box 195, Kilifi, Kenya

Correspondence should be addressed to Derrick Ssewanyana; gro.emocllew-irmek@anaynawessd

Received 30 August 2017; Revised 10 November 2017; Accepted 14 December 2017; Published 28 January 2018

Academic Editor: Marcelo A. Soares

Copyright © 2018 Derrick Ssewanyana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The burden of health risk behaviour (HRB) among adolescents living with HIV (ALWHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is currently unknown. A systematic search for publications on HRB among ALWHIV in SSA was conducted in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts databases. Results were summarized following PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Heterogeneity was assessed by the DerSimonian and Laird method and the pooled estimates were computed. Prevalence of current condom nonuse behaviour was at 59.8% (95% CI: 47.9–71.3%), risky sexual partnerships at 32.9% (95% CI: 15.4–53.2%), transactional sex at 20.1% (95% CI: 9.2–33.8%), and the experience of sexual violence at 21.4% (95% CI: 16.3–27.0%) among ALWHIV. From this meta-analysis, we did not find statistically significant differences in pooled estimates of HRB prevalence between ALWHIV and HIV uninfected adolescents. However, there was mixed evidence on the occurrence of alcohol and drug use behaviour. Overall, we found that research on HRB among ALWHIV tends to focus on behaviour specific to sexual risk. With such a high burden of HRB for the individuals as well as society, these findings highlight an unmet need for age-appropriate interventions to address the behavioural needs of these adolescents.