Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 7919481, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7919481
Research Article

Spermatogenesis Abnormalities following Hormonal Therapy in Transwomen

1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
2Division of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
3Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
4Preecha Aesthetic Institute, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence should be addressed to Sirachai Jindarak; moc.liamg@iahcaris.rd

Received 24 October 2017; Revised 3 January 2018; Accepted 1 March 2018; Published 2 April 2018

Academic Editor: Takashi Yazawa

Copyright © 2018 Sirachai Jindarak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Coleman, W. Bockting, M. Botzer et al., “Standards of care for the health of transsexual, transgender, and gender-nonconforming people,” International Journal of Transgenderism, vol. 13, version 7, no. 4, pp. 165–232, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. W. C. Hembree, P. Cohen-Kettenis, H. A. Delemarre-Van De Waal et al., “Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: An endocrine society clinical practice guideline,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 3132–3154, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Chokrungvaranont, G. Selvaggi, S. Jindarak et al., “The development of sex reassignment surgery in Thailand: A social perspective,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 182981, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. J. Gooren, T. Sungkaew, and E. J. Giltay, “Exploration of functional health, mental well-being and cross-sex hormone use in a sample of Thai male-to-female transgendered persons (kathoeys),” Asian Journal of Andrology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 280–285, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. Thiagaraj, R. Gunasegaram, A. Loganath, K. L. Peh, S. R. Kottegoda, and S. S. Ratnam, “Histopathology of the testes from male transsexuals on oestrogen therapy,” Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 347-348, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Schneider, N. Kossack, J. Wistuba, S. Schlatt, and S. Kliesch, “In-depth characterization of human testicular tissue from patients suffering from gender identity disorder (GID) undergoing sex-reassignment surgery (SRS),” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. S67–S68, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. F. Schneider, N. Neuhaus, J. Wistuba et al., “Testicular Functions and Clinical Characterization of Patients with Gender Dysphoria (GD) Undergoing Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS),” The Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 2190–2200, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. A. Cerilli, W. Kuang, and D. Rogers, “A practical approach to testicular biopsy interpretation for male infertility,” Arch Pathol Lab Med, vol. 134, no. 8, pp. 1197–1204, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  9. C. Schulze, “Response of the human testis to long-term estrogen treatment: Morphology of Sertoli cells, Leydig cells and spermatogonial stem cells,” Cell and Tissue Research, vol. 251, no. 1, pp. 31–43, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. I. Kozlov, S. Kalinchenko, and B. Slonimskii, “[Spermatogenesis disorders in transsexual patients,” Probl Endokrinol (Mosk), vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 28-29, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  11. H. Lubbert, I. Leo-Rossberg, and J. Hammerstein, “Effects of ethinyl estradiol on semen quality and various hormonal parameters in a eugonadal male,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 603–608, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Aribarg, W. Kenkeerati, V. Vorapaiboonsak, S. Leepipatpaiboon, and T. M. M. Farley, “Testicular volume, semen profile and serum hormone levels in fertile Thai males,” International Journal of Andrology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 170–180, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. Bar-Shira Maymon, L. Yogev, H. Yavetz et al., “Spermatogonial proliferation patterns in men with azoospermia of different etiologies,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 1175–1180, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. W. Weedin, R. C. Bennett, D. M. Fenig, D. J. Lamb, and L. I. Lipshultz, “Early versus late maturation arrest: Reproductive outcomes of testicular failure,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 186, no. 2, pp. 621–626, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Weedin, D. Fenig, J. Mills, and L. Lipshultz, “Early versus late maturation arrest: incidence and clinical significance in testicular failure,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 90, p. S317, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. L.-M. Su, G. D. Palermo, M. Goldstein, L. L. Veeck, Z. Rosenwaks, and P. N. Schlegel, “Testicular sperm extraction with intracytoplasmic sperm injection for nonobstructive azoospermia: Testicular histology can predict success of sperm retrieval,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 161, no. 1, pp. 112–116, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Lin, M. Sammel, R. Ramaswamy, and P. Schlegel, “Sertoli cell-only pattern (SCO) does not always cause elevated FSH: impact on sperm retrieval results in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA),” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 90, p. S97, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar