BioMed Research International / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Three-Dimensional Morphological Characteristics of Lower Lumbar Intervertebral Foramen with Age

Table 2

Results of P-SAP, IPV-SAP, DH and P-IV grouped in different sagittal slices for males.

Male
EntranceMiddle SliceExit

P-SAP (mm)L3/4Young Age Group16.6±2.6113.19±2.44▲12.54±1.96■●
Middle Age Group17.85±4.0413.66±3.64▲11.82±2.27●
Old Age Group15.21±3.5710.87±2.37▲◆★11.35±3.43●
L4/5Young Age Group16.94±3.6312.79±2.45▲11.75±1.60●
Middle Age Group15.67±3.9512.51±2.79▲◆★12.23±1.93●
Old Age Group15.07±3.5410.07±2.73▲10.89±2.47●
L5S1Young Age Group13.10±3.3710.28±1.34▲11.49±1.16■
Middle Age Group13.33±2.9810.31±2.42▲12.34±1.66■
Old Age Group12.36±3.469.22±2.15▲11.09±3.04

IPV-SAP (mm)L3/4Young Age Group9.05±1.959.63±2.2210.28±2.45
Middle Age Group8.44±1.338.19±1.46▲◆10.27±2.52■
Old Age Group8.08±1.757.9±1.75★9.22±2.54
L4/5Young Age Group8.50±1.509.11±1.68▲10.71±2.25■●
Middle Age Group7.77±0.928.69±1.01▲10.73±2.66■●
Old Age Group7.22±1.75★8.03±2.0410.97±2.20■●
L5S1Young Age Group9.14±2.1111.63±2.12▲16.63±2.76■●
Middle Age Group9.11±1.9311.63±3.20▲17.78±2.29■●
Old Age Group7.46±1.66◆★10.46±3.46▲14.66±3.92■●◆

DH (mm)L3/4Young Age Group5.17±1.085.47±0.935.92±1.14
Middle Age Group5.04±0.665.02±0.745.65±0.91
Old Age Group2.99±1.27◆★3.36±1.06◆★4.13±1.37◆★
L4/5Young Age Group4.63±0.954.81±1.005.60±1.17
Middle Age Group5.23±0.975.42±0.926.11±1.07
Old Age Group3.20±1.33◆★3.71±1.29◆★4.64±1.49★
L5S1Young Age Group3.64±0.594.11±0.775.66±1.19
Middle Age Group3.57±1.433.69±1.324.76±1.29☆
Old Age Group1.12±0.73◆★1.08±0.76◆★1.39±1.13◆★

P-IV (mm)L3/414.88±2.5211.25±2.23▲10.50±2.23●
L4/515.20±2.7411.75±1.97▲11.10±1.39●
L5S114.38±3.1210.99±1.97▲9.93±1.54■●

▲p<0.05 Compared with entrance ■p<0.05 Compared with middle slice ●p<0.05 Compared with entrance
☆p<0.05 Compared with the young group ◆p<0.05 Compared with the young group ★p<0.05 Compared with mid-aged group

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