Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 8170620, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8170620
Research Article

Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Evaluation of Root Canal Morphology of Maxillary Premolars in a Saudi Population

1Division of Endodontics, Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Endodontist, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Endodontic Division, Restorative Department, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia
4General Practitioner, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Abdullah Alqedairi; as.ude.usk@iriadeqlaa

Received 19 May 2018; Accepted 9 August 2018; Published 15 August 2018

Academic Editor: Mirella Falconi

Copyright © 2018 Abdullah Alqedairi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. J. Vertucci, “Root canal anatomy of the human permanent teeth,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 589–599, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. J. Vertucci, “Root canal morphology and its relationship to endodontic procedures,” Endodontic Topics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 3–29, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. S. Nallapati, “Three canal mandibular first and second premolars: A treatment approach,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 474–476, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Jou, B. Karabucak, J. Levin, and D. Liu, “Endodontic working width: current concepts and techniques,” Dental Clinics of North America, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 323–335, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Neelakantan, C. Subbarao, and C. V. Subbarao, “Comparative evaluation of modified canal staining and clearing technique, cone-beam computed tomography, peripheral quantitative computed tomography, spiral computed tomography, and plain and contrast medium-enhanced digital radiography in studying root C,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1547–1551, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. S. Weine, H. J. Healey, H. Gerstein, and L. Evanson, “Canal configuration in the mesiobuccal root of the maxillary first molar and its endodontic significance,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 419–425, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. Gulabivala, T. H. Aung, A. Alavi, and Y.-L. Ng, “Root and canal morphology of Burmese mandibular molars,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 359–370, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. M. Cleghorn, W. H. Christie, and C. C. S. Dong, “The root and root canal morphology of the human mandibular first premolar: a literature review,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 509–516, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. M. Cleghorn, W. H. Christie, and C. C. S. Dong, “The root and root canal morphology of the human mandibular second premolar: a literature review,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1031–1037, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Kottoor, D. Albuquerque, N. Velmurugan, and J. Kuruvilla, “Root anatomy and root canal configuration of human permanent mandibular premolars: a systematic review,” Anatomy Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 254250, 14 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. R. R. Slowey, “Root canal anatomy. Road map to successful endodontics,” Dental Clinics of North America, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 555–573, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. D. Pécora, P. C. Saquy, M. D. Sousa Neto, and J. B. Woelfel, “Root form and canal anatomy of maxillary first premolars,” Brazilian Dental Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 87–94, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Vertucci, A. Seelig, and R. Gillis, “Root canal morphology of the human maxillary second premolar,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 456–464, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Sert and G. S. Bayirli, “Evaluation of the root canal configurations of the mandibular and maxillary permanent teeth by gender in the Turkish population,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 391–398, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. P. Sardar, N. H. Khokhar, and I. Siddiqui, “Frequency of two canals in maxillary second premolar tooth,” Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP, vol. 17, pp. 12–14, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. A. Atieh, “Root and canal morphology of maxillary first premolars in a Saudi population,” The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, vol. 9, pp. 46–53, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  17. N. Pattanshetti, M. Gaidhane, and A. M. Al Kandari, “Root and canal morphology of the mesiobuccal and distal roots of permanent first molars in a Kuwait population—a clinical study,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 755–762, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. H. G. De Oliveira, L. C. De Moraes, H. Faig-Leite, S. E. Afonso Camargo, and C. H. R. Camargo, “In vitro incidence of root canal bifurcation in mandibular incisors by radiovisiography,” Journal of Applied Oral Science, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 234–239, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Awawdeh, H. Abdullah, and A. Al-Qudah, “Root form and canal morphology of jordanian maxillary first premolars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 956–961, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Grover and N. Shetty, “Methods to study root canal morphology: A review,” ENDO - Endodontic Practice Today, pp. 171–182, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  21. B. M. Cleghorn, W. H. Christie, and C. C. S. Dong, “Root and root canal morphology of the human permanent maxillary first molar: a literature review,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 813–821, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Plotino, N. M. Grande, R. Pecci, R. Bedini, C. H. Pameijer, and F. Somma, “Three-dimensional imaging using microcomputed tomography for studying tooth macromorphology,” The Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 137, no. 11, pp. 1555–1561, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. P. Matherne, C. Angelopoulos, J. C. Kulild, and D. Tira, “Use of cone-beam computed tomography to identify root canal systems in vitro,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 87–89, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. D. Domark, J. F. Hatton, R. P. Benison, and C. F. Hildebolt, “An ex vivo comparison of digital radiography and cone-beam and micro computed tomography in the detection of the number of canals in the mesiobuccal roots of maxillary molars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 901–905, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. M. P. Soares De Toubes, M. I. D. S. Côrtes, M. A. D. A. Valadares, L. C. Fonseca, E. Nunes, and F. F. Silveira, “Comparative analysis of accessory mesial canal identification in mandibular first molars by using four different diagnostic methods,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 436–441, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. Zhang, J. Chen, G. Lan et al., “The root canal morphology in mandibular first premolars: a comparative evaluation of cone-beam computed tomography and micro-computed tomography,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1007–1012, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. B. Vizzotto, P. F. Silveira, N. A. Arús, F. Montagner, B. P. F. A. Gomes, and H. E. D. da Silveira, “CBCT for the assessment of second mesiobuccal (MB2) canals in maxillary molars teeth: effect of voxel size and presence of root filling,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 870–876, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. J. Carns and A. E. Skidmore, “Configurations and deviations of root canals of maxillary first premolars,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 880–886, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. S. Loh, “Root morphology of the maxillary first premolar in Singaporeans,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 399–402, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. Kartal, B. Özçelik, and H. Cimilli, “Root canal morphology of maxillary premolars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 417–419, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Bellizzi and G. Hartwell, “Radiographic evaluation of root canal anatomy of in vivo endodontically treated maxillary premolars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 37–39, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. F. J. Vertucci and A. Gegauff, “Root canal morphology of the maxillary first premolar,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 194–198, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. E. M. Senan, H. A. Alhadainy, T. M. Genaid, and A. A. Madfa, “Root form and canal morphology of maxillary first premolars of a Yemeni population,” BMC Oral Health, vol. 18, article 94, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. J. N. Martins, Y. Gu, D. Marques, H. Francisco, and J. Caramês, “Differences on the Root and Root Canal Morphologies between Asian and White Ethnic Groups Analyzed by Cone-beam Computed Tomography,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 1096–1104, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. J. D. Pécora, M. D. Sousa Neto, P. C. Saquy, and J. B. Woelfel, “In vitro study of root canal anatomy of maxillary second premolars,” Brazilian Dental Journal, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 81–85, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. Yang, X. Chen, C. Tian, T. Han, and Y. Wang, “Use of Cone-beam Computed Tomography to Evaluate Root Canal Morphology and Locate Root Canal Orifices of Maxillary Second Premolars in a Chinese Subpopulation,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 630–634, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. F. Abella, L. M. Teixidó, S. Patel, F. Sosa, F. Duran-Sindreu, and M. Roig, “Cone-beam Computed Tomography Analysis of the Root Canal Morphology of Maxillary First and Second Premolars in a Spanish Population,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1241–1247, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Elkady and K. Allouba, “Cone beam computed tomographic analysis of root and canal morphology of maxillary premolars in Saudi subpopulation,” in Egyptian Dental Journal, vol. 59, pp. 3419–3429, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  39. I. A. Ahmad, “Root and root canal morphology of Saudi Arabian permanent dentition,” Saudi Endodontic Journal, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 99–106, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Elnour, A. Khabeer, and E. AlShwaimi, “Evaluation of root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a Saudi Arabian sub-population: An in vitro microcomputed tomography study,” The Saudi Dental Journal, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 162–168, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y.-. Tian, B. Guo, R. Zhang et al., “Root and canal morphology of maxillary first premolars in a Chinese subpopulation evaluated using cone-beam computed tomography,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 996–1003, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. R. Nazeer, F. R. Khan, and R. Ghafoor, “Evaluation of root morphology and canal configuration of maxillary premolars in a sample of Pakistani population by using cone beam computed tomography,” Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 423–427, 2018. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. Celikten, K. Orhan, U. Aksoy et al., “Cone-beam CT evaluation of root canal morphology of maxillary and mandibular premolars in a Turkish Cypriot population,” BDJ Open, vol. 2, article 15006, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. H. Arslan, H. Ertas, E. Tarim Ertas, F. Kalabalik, G. Saygili, and I. Davut Capar, “Evaluating root canal configuration of mandibular incisors with cone-beam computed tomography in a Turkish population,” Journal of Dental Sciences, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 359–364, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. B. V. Caputo, G. A. Noro Filho, D. M. R. de Andrade Salgado, C. Moura-Netto, E. M. Giovani, and C. Costa, “Evaluation of the Root Canal Morphology of Molars by Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography in a Brazilian Population: Part I,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 1604–1607, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. D. G. Bulut, E. Kose, G. Ozcan, A. E. Sekerci, E. M. Canger, and Y. Sisman, “Evaluation of root morphology and root canal configuration of premolars in the Turkish individuals using cone beam computed tomography,” European Journal of Dentistry, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 551–557, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S. Bürklein, R. Heck, and E. Schäfer, “Evaluation of the root canal anatomy of maxillary and mandibular premolars in a selected german population using cone-beam computed tomographic data,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1448–1452, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. N. R. Martins, D. Marques, H. Francisco, and J. Caramês, “Gender influence on the number of roots and root canal system configuration in human permanent teeth of a Portuguese subpopulation,” Quintessence International, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 103–111, 2018. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus