Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9016840, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9016840
Research Article

Regiospecific Analysis of Fatty Acids and Calculation of Triglyceride Molecular Species in Marine Fish Oils

1Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China
2Department of Food Science and Engineering, School of Science and Engineering, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
3School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangsu Food & Pharmaceutical Science College, 4 Meicheng Road, Huai’an, Jiangsu 223003, China
4Yunnan Institute of Food Safety, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xingguo Wang; moc.liamg@2001gxgnaw

Received 30 August 2017; Accepted 29 November 2017; Published 29 January 2018

Academic Editor: Terry K. Smith

Copyright © 2018 Huijun Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. M. Berquin, Y. Min, R. Wu et al., “Modulation of prostate cancer genetic risk by omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 1866–1875, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Wang, W. S. Harris, M. Chung et al., “n-3 fatty acids from fish or fish-oil supplements, but not α-linolenic acid, benefit cardiovascular disease outcomes in primary- and secondary-prevention studies: a systematic review,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 5–17, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Nemets, B. Nemets, A. Apter, Z. Bracha, and R. H. Belmaker, “Omega-3 treatment of childhood depression: A controlled, double-blind pilot study,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 163, no. 6, pp. 1098–1100, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Bousquet, M. Saint-Pierre, C. Julien, N. Salem Jr., F. Cicchetti, and F. Calon, “Beneficial effects of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid on toxin-induced neuronal degeneration in an animal model of Parkinson's disease,” The FASEB Journal, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1213–1225, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. Swanson, R. Block, and S. A. Mousa, “Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: health benefits throughout life,” Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. C. Shearer, W. S. Harris, T. L. Pedersen, and J. W. Newman, “Detection of omega-3 oxylipins in human plasma and response to treatment with omega-3 acid ethyl esters,” Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 2074–2081, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H.-Y. Kim, “Novel metabolism of docosahexaenoic acid in neural cells,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 282, no. 26, pp. 18661–18665, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. N. Kuratko and N. Salem Jr., “Biomarkers of DHA status,” Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 81, no. 2-3, pp. 111–118, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Lauritzen, H. S. Hansen, M. H. Jorgensen, and K. F. Michaelsen, “The essentiality of long chain n-3 fatty acids in relation to development and function of the brain and retina,” Progress in Lipid Research, vol. 40, no. 1-2, pp. 1–94, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Salem Jr., B. Litman, H.-Y. Kim, and K. Gawrisch, “Mechanisms of action of docosahexaenoic acid in the nervous system,” Lipids, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 945–959, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. N. Serhan, R. Yang, K. Martinod et al., “Maresins: novel macrophage mediators with potent antiinflammatory and proresolving actions,” The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 206, no. 1, pp. 15–23, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Barceló-Coblijn and E. J. Murphy, “Alpha-linolenic acid and its conversion to longer chain n-3 fatty acids: benefits for human health and a role in maintaining tissue n-3 fatty acid levels,” Progress in Lipid Research, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 355–374, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. P. Schuchardt and A. Hahn, “Bioavailability of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids,” Prostaglandins Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Lei, J. Li, G.-Y. Li et al., “Stereospecific analysis of triacylglycerol and phospholipid fractions of five wild freshwater fish from poyang lake,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 60, no. 7, pp. 1857–1864, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. S. Simonetti, F. Blasi, A. Bosi, A. Maurizi, L. Cossignani, and P. Damiani, “Stereospecific analysis of triacylglycerol and phospholipid fractions of four freshwater fish species: Salmo trutta, Ictalurus punctatus, Ictalurus melas and Micropterus salmoides,” Food Chemistry, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 199–206, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Wijesundera, C. Ceccato, P. Watkins et al., “Docosahexaenoic acid is more stable to oxidation when located at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerol compared to sn-1(3),” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 543–548, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Acheampong, N. Leveque, A. Tchapla, and S. Heron, “Simple complementary liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry approaches for the characterization of triacylglycerols in Pinus koraiensis seed oil,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1218, no. 31, pp. 5087–5100, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Dugo, M. Beccaria, N. Fawzy, P. Donato, F. Cacciola, and L. Mondello, “Mass spectrometric elucidation of triacylglycerol content of Brevoortia tyrannus (menhaden) oil using non-aqueous reversed-phase liquid chromatography under ultra high pressure conditions,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1259, no. 19, pp. 227–236, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Wei, S.-X. Ji, N. Hu et al., “Online profiling of triacylglycerols in plant oils by two-dimensional liquid chromatography using a single column coupled with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1312, no. 17, pp. 69–79, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Zeb, “Triacylglycerols composition, oxidation and oxidation compounds in camellia oil using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, vol. 165, no. 5, pp. 608–614, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. Zhou, Y. Xue, G. C. Chen et al., “Rapid separation and characterisation of triacylglycerols in ostrich oil by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry,” Food Chemistry, vol. 141, no. 3, pp. 2098–2102, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. E. Luddy, R. A. Barford, S. F. Herb, P. Magidman, and R. W. Riemenschneider, “Pancreatic lipase hydrolysis of triglycerides by a semimicro technique,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 693–696, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Su, R. Liu, M. Chang, J. Huang, Q. Jin, and X. Wang, “Effect of dietary alpha-linolenic acid on blood inflammatory markers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” European Journal of Nutrition, pp. 1–15, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Shi, H. Chen, Z. Gu et al., “Molecular mechanism of substrate specificity for delta 6 desaturase from Mortierella alpina and Micromonas pusilla,” Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 2309–2321, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. R. Suárez, P. F. Mugford, A. J. Rolle, I. W. Burton, J. A. Walter, and J. A. Kralovec, “13C-NMR regioisomeric analysis of EPA and DHA in fish oil derived triacylglycerol concentrates,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, vol. 87, no. 12, pp. 1425–1433, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. T. O. Akanbi, J. L. Adcock, and C. J. Barrow, “Selective concentration of EPA and DHA using Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase is due to fatty acid selectivity and not regioselectivity,” Food Chemistry, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 615–620, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. Mbatia, D. Adlercreutz, P. Adlercreutz, A. Mahadhy, F. Mulaa, and B. Mattiasson, “Enzymatic oil extraction and positional analysis of ω-3 fatty acids in Nile perch and salmon heads,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 815–819, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Jayasinghe, N. Gotoh, and S. Wada, “Regiospecific analysis of shark liver triacylglycerols,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 1873–1884, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. C. Akoh, Ed., Food Lipids: Chemistry, Nutrition, and Biotechnology, CRC Press, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar