Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9136208, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9136208
Clinical Study

Temporal Change of Interleukin-6, C-Reactive Protein, and Skin Temperature after Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Triclosan-Coated Sutures

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan
2Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
4Bone and Joint Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Tsan-Wen Huang; wt.gro.hmgc@1801068b and Mel S. Lee; moc.rotcod@enob

Received 31 August 2017; Revised 20 November 2017; Accepted 29 November 2017; Published 15 January 2018

Academic Editor: Carla Renata Arciola

Copyright © 2018 Shih-Jie Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Jämsen, M. Varonen, H. Huhtala et al., “Incidence of Prosthetic Joint Infections After Primary Knee Arthroplasty,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 87–92, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Peersman, R. Laskin, J. Davis, and M. Peterson, “The Insall award paper: infection in total knee replacement: a retrospective review of 6489 total knee replacements,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 392, pp. 15–23, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. E. Phillips, T. P. Crane, M. Noy, T. S. J. Elliott, and R. J. Grimer, “The incidence of deep prosthetic infections in a specialist orthopaedic hospital: a 15-year prospective survey,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—British Volume, vol. 88, no. 7, pp. 943–948, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Huotari and O. Lyytikäinen, “Impact of postdischarge surveillance on the rate of surgical site infection after orthopedic surgery,” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1324–1329, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A.-P. C. Weiss and K. A. Krackow, “Persistent wound drainage after primary total knee arthroplasty,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 285–289, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Jämsen, H. Huhtala, T. Puolakka, and T. Moilanen, “Risk factors for infection after knee arthroplasty a register-based analysis of 43,149 cases,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 38–47, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. P. Patel, M. Walsh, B. Sehgal, C. Preston, H. DeWal, and P. E. Di Cesare, “Factors associated with prolonged wound drainage after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 33–38, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. G. Vince and A. Abdeen, “Wound problems in total knee arthroplasty,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 452, pp. 88–90, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. B. Kirkland, J. P. Briggs, S. L. Trivette, W. E. Wilkinson, and D. J. Sexton, “The impact of surgical-site infections in the 1990s: attributable mortality, excess length of hospitalization, and extra costs,” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 725–730, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Garrido-Gómez, M. A. Arrabal-Polo, M. S. Girón-Prieto, J. Cabello-Salas, J. Torres-Barroso, and J. Parra-Ruiz, “Descriptive analysis of the economic costs of periprosthetic joint infection of the knee for the public health system of Andalusia,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 1057–1060, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. H. Kapadia, M. J. McElroy, K. Issa, A. J. Johnson, K. J. Bozic, and M. A. Mont, “The economic impact of periprosthetic infections following total knee arthroplasty at a specialized tertiary-care center,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 929–932, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Kurtz, E. Lau, H. Watson, J. K. Schmier, and J. Parvizi, “Economic burden of periprosthetic joint infection in the United States,” The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 27, no. 8, supplement 1, pp. 61.e1–65.e1, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. D. Illingworth, W. M. Mihalko, J. Parvizi et al., “How to minimize infection and thereby maximize patient outcomes in total joint arthroplasty: a multicenter approach: AAOS exhibit selection.,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol. 95, no. 8, p. e50, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. A. Barbolt, “Chemistry and safety of triclosan, and its use as an antimicrobial coating on coated VICRYL. Plus antibacterial suture (Coated polyglactin 910 suture with triclosan),” Surgical Infections, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. S-45–S-53, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. Marco, R. Vallez, P. Gonzalez, L. Ortega, J. De La Lama, and L. Lopez-Duran, “Study of the efficacy of Coated Vicryl Plus® antibacterial suture in an animal model of orthopedic surgery,” Surgical Infections, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 359–365, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Rothenburger, D. Spangler, S. Bhende, and D. Burkley, “In vitro antimicrobial evaluation of coated VICRYL* plus antibacterial suture (coated polyglactin 910 with triclosan) using zone of inhibitation assays,” Surgical Infections, vol. 3, pp. 79–87, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. L. Storch, S. J. Rothenburger, and G. Jacinto, “Experimental efficacy study of coated VICRYL plus antibacterial suture in in Guinea pigs challenged with Staphylococcus aureus,” Surgical Infections, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 281–288, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Gómez-Alonso, F. J. García-Criado, F. C. Parreño-Manchado et al., “Study of the efficacy of Coated VICRYL Plus® Antibacterial suture (coated Polyglactin 910 suture with Triclosan) in two animal models of general surgery,” Infection, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 82–88, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. B. Picó, L. A. Jiménez, M. C. Sánchez et al., “Prospective study comparing the incidence of wound infection following appendectomy for acute appendicitis in children: conventional treatment versus using reabsorbable antibacterial suture or gentamicin-impregnated collagen fleeces,” Cirugía pediátrica : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 199–202, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. M. Suárez Grau, M. de Toro Crespo, F. Docobo Durántez, C. Rublo Cheves, J. A. Martín Cartes, and F. Docobo Pérez, “Prevention of surgical infection using reabsorbable antibacterial suture (Vicryl Plus) versus reabsorbable conventional suture in hernioplasty. An experimental study in animals,” Cirugía Española, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 324–329, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Justinger, M. R. Moussavian, C. Schlueter, B. Kopp, O. Kollmar, and M. K. Schilling, “Antibiotic coating of abdominal closure sutures and wound infection,” Surgery, vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 330–334, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Storch, L. C. Perry, J. M. Davidson, and J. J. Ward, “A 28-day study of the effect of coated VICRYL* plus antibacterial suture (coated polyglactin 910 suture with triclosan) on wound healing in guinea pig linear incisional skin wounds,” Surgical Infections, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. S-89–S-98, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Ž. Rašić, D. Schwarz, V. N. Adam et al., “Efficacy of antimicrobial triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 (Vicryl Plus) suture for closure of the abdominal wall after colorectal surgery,” Collegium Antropologicum, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 439–443, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. Thimour-Bergström, C. Roman-Emanuel, H. Scherstén, Ö. Friberg, T. Gudbjartsson, and A. Jeppsson, “Triclosan-coated sutures reduce surgical site infection after open vein harvesting in coronary artery bypass grafting patients: A randomized controlled trial,” European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, vol. 44, no. 5, Article ID ezt063, pp. 931–938, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Justinger, J. Schuld, J. Sperling, O. Kollmar, S. Richter, and M. K. Schilling, “Triclosan-coated sutures reduce wound infections after hepatobiliary surgery-a prospective non-randomized clinical pathway driven study,” Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, vol. 396, no. 6, pp. 845–850, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Hoshino, Y. Yoshida, S. Tanimura, Y. Yamauchi, T. Noritomi, and Y. Yamashita, “A study of the efficacy of antibacterial sutures for surgical site infection: A retrospective controlled trial,” International Surgery, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 129–132, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. E. Seim, T. Tonnessen, and P. R. Woldbaek, “Triclosan-coated sutures do not reduce leg wound infections after coronary artery bypass grafting,” Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 411–415, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Y. Chen, T. M. Chen, N. T. Dai et al., “Do antibacterial-coated sutures reduce wound infection in head and neck cancer reconstruction?” European Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 300–304, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. R. Ford, P. Jones, B. Gaines, K. Reblock, and D. L. Simpkins, “Intraoperative handling and wound healing: Controlled clinical trial comparing coated Vicryl® plus antibacterial suture (coated polyglactin 910 suture with triclosan) with coated Vicryl® suture (coated polyglactin 910 suture),” Surgical Infections, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 313–321, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. Ghanem, V. Antoci Jr., L. Pulido, A. Joshi, W. Hozack, and J. Parvizi, “The use of receiver operating characteristics analysis in determining erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein levels in diagnosing periprosthetic infection prior to revision total hip arthroplasty,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 444–449, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. Kragsbjerg, H. Holmberg, and T. Vikerfors, “Serum concentrations of interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein in patients undergoing major operations,” European Journal of Surgery-Acta Chirurgica, vol. 161, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. C. Heinrich, J. V. Castell, and T. Andus, “Interleukin-6 and the acute phase response,” Biochemical Journal, vol. 265, no. 3, pp. 621–636, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. C. Wirtz, K.-D. Heller, O. Miltner, K.-W. Zilkens, and J. M. Wolff, “Interleukin-6: a potential inflammatory marker after total joint replacement,” International Orthopaedics, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 194–196, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. Berbari, T. Mabry, G. Tsaras et al., “Inflammatory blood laboratory levels as markers of prosthetic joint infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol. 92, no. 11, pp. 2102–2109, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. Bottner, A. Wegner, W. Winkelmann, K. Becker, M. Erren, and C. Götze, “Interleukin-6, procalcitonin and TNF-α: markers of peri-prosthetic infection following total joint replacement,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (British Volume), vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 94–99, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. Tanavalee, S. Honsawek, T. Rojpornpradit, M. Sakdinakiattikoon, and S. Ngarmukos, “Inflammation related to synovectomy during total knee replacement in patients with primary osteoarthritis: a prospective, randomised study,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British Volume), vol. 93, no. 8, pp. 1065–1070, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. A. Minetto, G. Oprandi, L. Saba et al., “Serum interleukin-6 response to elective total hip replacement surgery,” International Orthopaedics, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 172–176, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. K. K. Park, T. K. Kim, C. B. Chang, S. W. Yoon, and K. U. Park, “Normative temporal values of CRP and ESR in unilateral and staged bilateral TKA,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 466, no. 1, pp. 179–188, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Honsawek, B. Deepaisarnsakul, A. Tanavalee et al., “Erratum to: Relationship of serum IL-6, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and knee skin temperature after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective study,” International Orthopaedics, p. 1, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. T. Dinwiddie, P. D. Terry, and J. Chen, “Recent evidence regarding triclosan and cancer risk,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 2209–2217, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. U. Halden, “On the need and speed of regulating triclosan and triclocarban in the United States,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 3603–3611, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. I. Park, N. Zhang, T. A. Ogunyoku, T. M. Young, and K. M. Scow, “Effects of Triclosan and biosolids on microbial community composition in an agricultural soil,” Water Environment Research, vol. 85, no. 12, pp. 2237–2242, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Mehra, V. G. Langkamer, A. Day, S. Harris, and R. F. Spencer, “C reactive protein and skin temperature post total knee replacement,” The Knee, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 297–300, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus