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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 9489163, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9489163
Review Article

A Review of the Literature of Surgical and Nonsurgical Treatments of Invasive Squamous Cells Carcinoma

1Dermatology Unit “Daniele Innocenzi”, Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Polo Pontino, Rome, Italy
2Plastic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Concetta Potenza; ti.1amorinu@aznetop.attecnoc

Received 5 September 2017; Revised 12 December 2017; Accepted 18 February 2018; Published 2 April 2018

Academic Editor: Michel Saint-Cyr

Copyright © 2018 Concetta Potenza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is an increasing public health problem. It is a primary malignant skin tumor with Malpighian differentiation and together with basal cell carcinoma is classified among nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs). cSCC usually occurs on photoexposed areas, such as the head, the neck, and the extremities, and its incidence increases with age. Invasive forms of this skin tumor tend to be more aggressive showing a higher metastatic potential, usually regarding regional lymph nodes. Treatment options for invasive cSCCs include both surgical and nonsurgical options. The therapeutic choice depends on several factors, such as anatomic location, risk factors for tumor recurrence, age, and health status of the patient. This review aims to provide an overview of the current evidence on therapeutic surgical and nonsurgical management of invasive cSCC.