Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9801258, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9801258
Research Article

Physical Fitness, Grit, School Attendance, and Academic Performance among Adolescents

1Department of Curriculum & Instruction, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
2Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Darla M. Castelli; ude.saxetu@illetsacd

Received 26 August 2017; Revised 12 November 2017; Accepted 11 December 2017; Published 15 January 2018

Academic Editor: Zan Gao

Copyright © 2018 Jonathan M. Cosgrove et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. McMurrer and N. Kober, Choices, Changes, and Challenges: Curriculum and Instruction in The NCLB Era, Centre on Education Policy, 2007.
  2. P. D. Tomporowski, K. Lambourne, and M. S. Okumura, “Physical activity interventions and children's mental function: an introduction and overview,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 52, pp. S3–S9, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. R. Fernandes, M. L. Scipiao Riberio, T. Melo et al., “Motor coordination correlates with academic achievement and cognitive function in children,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 7,article 318, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Budde, C. Voelcker-Rehage, S. Pietraßyk-Kendziorra, P. Ribeiro, and G. Tidow, “Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 441, no. 2, pp. 219–223, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. B. Sardinha, A. Marques, C. Minderico et al., “Longitudinal relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and academic achievement,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 839–844, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. H. Hillman, M. Pontifex, D. M. Castelli et al., “The effects of a FITKids randomized controlled trial on executive control and brain function,” Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 4, pp. e1063–e1071, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. I. Esteban-Cornejo, D. Martinez-Gomez, S. Gómez-Martínez et al., “Inflammatory biomarkers and academic performance in youth. The UP & DOWN Study,” Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, vol. 54, pp. 122–127, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. N. Khan, L. B. Raine, E. S. Drollette et al., “Impact of the FITKids physical activity intervention on adiposity in prepubertal children,” Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. e875–e883, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. B. Pontifex, K. Kamijo, M. R. Scudder et al., “V. The differential association of adiposity and fitness with cognitive control in preadolescent children,” Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development Series, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 72–92, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. L. Faught, J. P. Ekwaru, D. Gleddie, K. E. Storey, M. Asbridge, and P. J. Veugelers, “The combined impact of diet, physical activity, sleep and screen time on academic achievement: a prospective study of elementary school students in Nova Scotia, Canada,” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 14, article 29, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. J. E. Donnelly and K. Lambourne, “Classroom-based physical activity, cognition, and academic achievement,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 52, pp. S36–S42, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Kamijo, N. A. Khan, M. B. Pontifex et al., “The relation of adiposity to cognitive control and scholastic achievement in preadolescent children,” Obesity, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2406–2411, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Chaddock-Heyman, K. I. Erickson, M. W. Voss et al., “The effects of physical activity on functional mri activation associated with cognitive control in children: a randomized controlled intervention,” FrontiersinHumanNeuroscience, vol. 7, article 72, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. G. J. Duncan, C. J. Dowsett, A. Claessens et al., “School readiness and later achievement,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1428–1446, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. D. Tomporowski, C. L. Davis, P. H. Miller, and J. A. Naglieri, “Exercise and children’s intelligence, cognition, and academic achievement,” Educational Psychology Review, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 111–131, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. K. N. Aadland, Y. Ommundsen, E. Aadland et al., “Executive functions do not mediate prospective relations between indices of physical activity and academic performance: the Active Smarter Kids (ASK) study,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, article 1088, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. Ahamed, H. Macdonald, K. Reed, P. J. Naylor, T. Liu-Ambrose, and H. Mckay, “School-based physical activity does not compromise childrens academic performance,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 371–376, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. D. P. Coe, T. Peterson, C. Blair, M. C. Schutten, and H. Peddie, “Physical fitness, academic achievement, and socioeconomic status in school-aged youth,” Journal of School Health, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 500–507, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. C. Hemphill and A. Vanneman, Achievement Gaps: How Hispanic and White Students in Public Schools Perform in Mathematics and Reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NCES 2011-459), National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, Washington, Wash, USA, 2011.
  20. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 311, no. 8, pp. 806–814, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. E. Basch, “Healthier students are better learners: a missing link in school reforms to close the achievement gap,” Journal of School Health, vol. 81, no. 10, pp. 593–598, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. M. Castelli, E. E. Centeio, J. Hwang et al., “VII. The history of physical activity and academic performance research: informing the future,” Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development Series, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 119–148, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. E. Donnelly, C. H. Hillman, D. Castelli et al., “Physical activity, fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children: a systematic review,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 1197–1222, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. L. Duckworth, C. Peterson, M. D. Matthews, and D. R. Kelly, “Grit: perseverance and passion for long-term goals,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 1087–1101, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. L. Duckworth and P. D. Quinn, “Development and validation of the short Grit Scale (Grit-S),” Journal of Personality Assessment, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 166–174, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Eskreis-Winkler, E. P. Shulman, S. A. Beal, and A. L. Duckworth, “The grit effect: Predicting retention in the military, the workplace, school and marriage,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 5, article 36, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. N. Chang and R. Davis, Mapping The Early Attendance Gap, Attendance Works, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2015.
  28. M. A. Gottfried and J. J. Kirksey, “When students miss school: The role of timing of absenteeism on students test performance,” Educational Researcher, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 119–130, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. G. J. Welk, S. B. Going, J. R. Morrow Jr., and M. D. Meredith, “Development of new criterion-referenced fitness standards in the FITNESSGRAM® program: rationale and conceptual overview,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. S63–S67, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Reed, B. L. Pritschet, and D. M. Cutton, “Grit, conscientiousness, and the transtheoretical model of change for exercise behavior,” Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 612–619, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. C. Treasure and G. C. Robert, “Students’ perceptions of the motivational climate, achievement beliefs, and satisfaction in physical education,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 165–175, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus