BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prepregnancy Obesity, Maternal Dietary Intake, and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Fetomaternal Unit

Table 1

Estimated daily nutrient intake during pregnancy, according to prepregnancy BMI.

VariableNormal weight Obesity p
(pBMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2)(pBMI ≥30 kg/m2)
n= 18n= 15
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD

Energy (kcal)2620 ± 7942382 ± 4710.31
Proteins (g/100 kcal)4.4 ± 0.64.1 ± 0.60.19
Fats (g/100 kcal)3.3 ± 0.72.8 ± 0.70.05
Magnesium (mg/100 kcal)17.5 ± 3.118.9 ± 3.10.20
Zinc (mg/100 kcal)0.5 ± 0.10.5 ± 0.10.53
Iron (mg/100 kcal)1.5 ± 0.31.4 ± 0.40.60
Vitamin A (μg/100 kcal)49.0 ± 16.253.3 ± 14.90.44
Vitamin C (mg/100 kcal)9.9 ± 4.710.2 ± 4.70.87
Vitamin E (mg/100 kcal)0.5 ± 0.40.3 ± 0.30.23

pBMI: prepregnancy body mass index. SD: standard deviation.