Table 2: Univariate linear regression of MBI emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal achievement with relevant covariates.

CategoryCovariateEEDPPA

Coefficient [SD]pCoefficient [SD]pCoefficient [SD]p

DemographicsAge (years)-0.03 [0.06]0.591-0.14 [0.03]<0.0010.07 [0.4]0.057
Sex: Male versus Female-0.45 [1.30]0.7311.82 [0.78]0.019-1.37 [0.90]0.127
Live in couple: Yes versus No1.65 [1.25]0.1871.51 [0.75]0.0430.25 [0.87]0.770
Have children: Yes versus No0.06 [1.14]0.9600.58 [0.69]0.3980.30 [0.79]0.704

Professional characteristicsED
Marseille versus Avignon2.32 [1.33]0.2463.02 [0.78]<0.001-1.97 [0.91]0.095
Marseille versus Montpellier2.03 [1.42]0.4581.03 [0.85]0.2230.14 [0.99]1.000
ED professional categories
Physician versus Paramedic4.18 [1.47]0.0142.7 [0.88]0.006-2.22 [1.03]0.094
Physician versus A/T8.42 [2.13]<0.0015.05 [1.28]<0.001-0.48 [1.49]1.000
job in an ED: Yes versus No-1.29 [1.23]0.294-0.15 [0.74]0.8380.79 [0.85]0.350
Time working in the ED: >5 years versus ≤5 years1.96 [1.13]0.0850.003 [0.68]0.997-0.15 [0.79]0.851
Work rhythm: Night or Day/Night versus Day2.66 [1.16]0.0221.84 [0.69]0.008-2.02 [0.79]0.012
Job strain: Yes versus No8.33 [1.16]<0.0012.67 [0.7]<0.001-3.58 [0.83]<0.001
Wish to quit the ED: Yes versus No12.23 [1.44]<0.0014.26 [0.91]<0.001-4.17 [1.02]<0.001

work-related health≥1 sick leave during the last year: Yes versus No4.14 [1.15]<0.0010.13 [0.69]0.847-1.38 [0.79]0.082
Sleep disorders: Yes versus No8.09 [1.10]<0.0012.15 [0.69]0.002-1.80 [0.81]0.026

LifestyleRegular sport activity: Yes versus No-2.05 [1.16]0.077-0.41 [0.69]0.558-0.07 [0.81]0.935
Smoker: Yes versus No-0.82 [1.17]0.4860.15 [0.70]0.8281.21 [0.81]0.136
> 4 cups of coffee per day: Yes versus No0.14 [1.47]0.9230.16 [0.88]0.8520.26 [1.01]0.799
Daily consumption of alcohol: Yes versus No-4.95 [6.45]0.4441.77 [3.84]0.645-0.002 [0.86]0.998

Quality of lifeMCS-0.69 [0.04]<0.001-0.23 [0.03]<0.0010.25 [0.04]<0.001
PCS-0.19 [0.09]0.0430.07 [0.05]0.1650.005 [0.06]0.938

SD: standard deviation.