BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Therapeutic Effect of Dunaliella salina Microalgae on Thioacetamide- (TAA-) Induced Hepatic Liver Fibrosis in Rats: Role of TGF-β and MMP9

Table 2

Effects of D. salina powder on serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers.

Normal controlTAASilymarin (100 mg/kg)D. salina powder (100 mg/kg)D. salina powder (200 mg/kg)

TNF-α (Pg/ml)600.00 ± 8.94808.00 ± 17.15a690.00 ± 26.83ab655.00 ± 11.18b610.00 ± 4.47b
TNF-α (% of TAA control)858175
IL-6 (Pg/ml)69.40 ± 4.73313.80 ± 28.34a101.80 ± 0.80b71.20 ± 6.02b69.62 ± 4.74b
IL-6 (% of TAA control)322322
TGF-β (ng/L)34.33 ± 0.7065.07 ± 0.80a40.30 ± 1.38ab47.47 ± 1.27ab39.80 ± 0.20ab
TGF-β (% of TAA control)627361

Data are presented as mean ± SE for each group (n = 8) and % of the TAA group. Statistical analysis was carried out by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s multiple comparisons test. aStatistically significant from the control group. bStatistically significant from the TAA group at .

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