BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Short-Term and Medium-Term Impact of Retirement on Sport Activity, Self-Reported Health, and Social Activity of Women and Men in Poland

Table 1

Short-run effects of retiring (between April 2011 and April 2013) depending on gender – estimates of ATEs for women and men.

VariableMenWomen
Total number of observationsRetiredNonretiredP-valueTotal number of observationsRetiredNonretiredP-value

Sports
Sport activity 20131424.223.252.4391186.317.284.340
Member of sports club 20131428.013.011.7951190<.001.003.062
Social activeness
Friends met regularly 201314114.5764.798.65711814.764.577.663
Acquaint. met regularly 201314054.3215.646.01111725.6375.358.566
Friends 201314185.7476.265.46711766.2866.594.530
Work for local society 2011-20131428.138.189.1301190.177.135.133
Member of organisations 20131428.116.200.0461190.165.165.991
Took part in public meeting 20131428.196.200.9201190.100.142.095
Voluntary activities 20131428.293.299.8811190.268.232.264
Attitude
Too much alcohol in 20121428.261.102<.0011190<.001.017<.001
Lust for life 201314277.9548.379.01311898.8638.544.021
Losing interest in sex 20131428.673.642.4141190.834.848.620
Dissatisfaction with sex life 201314103.5863.570.91411754.1844.192.958
Health – general aspects
BMI 2013141026.44427.842<.001118027.76327.605.661
Dissatisfaction with health 201314272.9563.290.00711893.2383.394.110
Significant health worries 20131428.284.185.0091190.166.183.585
Health problems often 20131428.237.164.0451190.158.179.453
Health problems sometimes 20131428.397.550.0011190.614.544.064
Physical problems 20131428.227.207.5991190.189.238.098
Seriously ill 20121428.278.19.0221190.129.189.024
Health – specific ailments
Problems with sleeping 20131428.045.125.0041190.109.135.343
Digestion worries 20131428.234.315.0411190.403.372.396
Headaches 20131428.302.374.0881190.498.518.594
Stomach pains 20131428.261.264.9441190.321.390.054
Pain in neck or arm muscles 20131428.489.574.0551190.523.566.265
Chest or heart pains 20131428.368.324.2911190.274.335.080
Dry mouth or throat 20131428.295.265.4441190.351.326.491
Sweating 20131428.170.237.0481190.295.437<.001
Shortness of breath 20131428.296.265.4101190.244.299.115
Body pains 20131428.464.548.0581190.560.571.775
Palpitation 20131428.310.213.0121190.257.325.037
Shivers or convulsions 20131428.086.091.8211190.075.109.113
Pressure on bladder 20131428.319.259.1491190.273.268.886
Tiredness 20131428.416.448.4711190.508.506.958
Constipation 20131428.060.107.0871190.253.238.627
Nosebleeds 20131428.017.047.1041190.045.061.308
Blood pressure 20131428.371.345.5501190.418.402.665

Notes: bold rows indicate significant differences between the treatment group (i.e., people who were retired in 2013) and the comparison group (average values, constructed based on similar to treated ones, in terms of propensity score and balancing variables, people) at p<.05. The ATEs (effects of retiring) were estimated separately for women and men.

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