BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Abdominal Obesity as a Predictive Factor of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Assessed by Ultrasonography and Transient Elastography in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Healthy Women

Table 2

Baseline characteristics of women with and without NAFLD assessed by abdominal ultrasonography (US).

CharacteristicsNAFLD
(n=31)
No NAFLD
(n=32)
P-value

Age (years)28.87 ± 6.0529.01 ± 5.330.924
WC (cm)91.19 ± 13.8977.09 ± 10.18<0.001
BMI (kg/ m2)29.86 ± 6.0623.49 ± 4.35<0.001
T (ng/mL)37.71 ± 18.4639.16 ± 20.730.771
SHBG (nmol/L)34.34 ± 40.7842.55 ± 23.440.329
FAI8.42 ± 8.834.98 ± 5.020.061
FBG (mg/dL)88.74 ± 10.0684.03 ± 7.510.039
2hr Glucose (mg/dL)120.19 ± 46.8391.41 ± 27.020.004
Insulin (uIU/mL)19.96 ± 11.9916.02 ± 25.980.445
HOMA-IR4.49 ± 2.913.37 ± 5.410.315
AST (U/L)21.55 ± 6.4521.94 ± 7.610.828
ALT (U/L)25.45 ± 13.2124.16 ± 22.250.781
γ-GT (U/L)24.90 ± 9.6022.31 ± 17.890.479
ALP (U/L)65.87 ± 15.4963.79 ± 20.180.649
ALB (g/L)37.31 ± 2.0238.26 ± 2.030.067
TG (mg/dL)124.45 ± 76.0971.94 ± 29.650.001
TC (mg/dL)209.06 ± 35.14193.50 ± 38.050.097
HDL-C (mg/dL)45.81 ± 12.1355.63 ± 11.530.002
LDL-C (mg/dL)146.87 ± 35.47126.16 ± 30.250.015
TSH (uIU/mL)2.01 ± 1.041.57 ± 0.750.056
PRL (ng/mL)21.29 ± 15.0317.31 ± 10.340.223
FSH (mIU/mL)3.96 ± 1.694.22 ± 1.310.492
PCOS (n,%)22 (71.00)20 (62.50)0.476
Metabolic syndrome (n,%)8 (25.81)1 (3.13)0.027

Note: WC, waist circumference; BMI, body mass index; T, total testosterone; SHBG, sex hormone-binding globulin; FAI, free androgen index; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HOMA-IR, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance; AST, aspartate; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; γ-GT, γ-glutamyltransaminase; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; ALB, albumin; TG, total cholesterol; TC, triglyceride; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone; PRL, prolactin; FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone; PCOS, polycystic ovary syndrome. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Values are expressed as mean±SD or number, percentage (n, %).

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