BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Knowledge Concerning Dietary Supplements among General Public

Table 3

The knowledge about diet and supplementation, and undertaking physical activity.

VariableEngaged in physical activity
N; %
Not engaged in physical activity
N; %
Total
N; % (410)
p-value

Definition of supplementation
Known153; 47.5238; 43.19191; 46.56p≤0.47
Unknown169; 52.4850; 56.81219; 53.44

Group A supplements include:
Bicarbonate or citrate122; 37.8923; 26.13145; 35.37
Glutamine, glucosamine148; 45.9734; 38.64182; 44.39p≤0.001
Ribose, melatonin29; 9.0016; 18.1845; 10.97
All correct23; 7.1415; 17.0538; 9.27

Group B supplements include:
Bicarbonate or citrate126; 39.1428; 31.81154; 37.56
Glutamine, glucosamine127; 39.4436; 40.90163; 39.76p≤0.28
Vitamin E and C57; 17.7017; 19.3474; 18.04
All correct12; 3.727; 7.9519; 4.61

Group C supplements include:
Bicarbonate or citrate71; 22.0414; 15.9285; 20.73
Glutamine, glucosamine21; 6.537; 7.9528; 6.83p≤0.49
Coenzyme Q10, nitric oxide216; 67.0861; 69.31277; 67.56
All correct14; 4.356; 6.8220; 4.88

of the total caloric value of the protein in the meal is:
10-15%110; 34.1620; 22.73130; 31.71
10-20%136; 42.2340; 45.45176; 42.93p≤0.14
15-30%61; 18.9424; 27.2785; 20.73
Incorrect answer15; 4.674; 4.5519; 4.63

of the total calorific value of carbohydrates in a meal is:
20-30%88; 27.3321; 23.86109; 26.58
40-50%72; 22.3632; 36.36104; 25.37p≤0.001
50-55%137; 42.5522; 25.00159; 38.78
35-45%25; 7.7613; 14.7838; 9.27

of the total calorific value of fats in a meal is:
25-30%45; 13.9732; 36.3677; 18.78
30-35%117; 36.3514; 15.92131; 31.95p≤0.001
15-25%142; 44.0937; 42.04179; 43.66
Incorrect answer18; 5.595; 5.6823; 5.61

Subjective level of knowledge about diet and supplementation in sport:
Lack pf knowledge12; 3.739; 10.2221; 5.13p≤0.001
Little knowledge121; 37.5746; 52.28167; 40.73
Average knowledge99; 30.7533; 37.50132; 32.19
Vast knowledge90; 27.950; 00.0090; 21.95

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