BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Bamboutos Division’s Adults, West Region of Cameroon

Table 2

Features of participants according to metabolic syndrome status in total participants.

Normal participantsParticipants with MetSp value (between normal and MetS)
Total, n (%)408 (67.55)196 (32.45)

Age (years41.60±17.6148.19±15.48< 0.001

Educational level, n (%< 0.001
Uneducated6 (1.47)5 (2.55)
Primary125 (30.64)75 (38.27)
secondary201 (49.26)104 (53.06)
University76 (18.63)12 (6.12)

Residence area, n (%0.648
Mbouda292 (71.57)132 (67.35)
Batcham78 (19.12)40 (20.41)
Galim22 (5.39)13 (6.63)
Babadjou16 (3.92)11 (5.61)

Drinking, n (%0.017
Never drinker89 (21.81)30 (15.31)
Moderate alcohol drinker186 (45.59)113 (57.65)
Excessive alcohol drinker133 (32.60)53 (27.04)

Smoking, n (%0.080
Current smoker18 (4.41)3 (1.53)
Former smoker51 (12.50)18 (9.18)
Never smoker339 (83.09)175 (89.29)

BMI (kg/m225.48±4.9131.56±6.46< 0.001

BMI, n (%< 0.001
Underweight16 (3.92)0 (0.00)
Normal weight205 (50.25)17 (8.67)
Overweight107 (26.23)69 (35.21)
Obesity80 (19.60)110 (56.12)

Physical activity, n (%)0.007
Low257 (62.99)148 (75.51)
Moderate107 (26.23)40 (20.41)
High35 (8.58)6 (3,06)
Very high9 (2.21)2 (1.02)

Waist circumference (cm77.50±13.8996.56±14.40< 0.001

Abdominal obesity, n (%< 0.001
No351 (86.03)9 (4.59)
Yes57 (13.97)187 (95.41)

Diabetes, n (%88 (21.57)88 (44.90)< 0.001

Hypertension, n (%152 (37.25)114 (58.16)< 0.001

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg; [min-max]79.11±12.17 40-10883.04±12.94 50-120< 0.001

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg; [min-max]127.32±21.10 80-195133.12±19.92 80-1880.001

Glycaemia (mg/dl; [min-Max]93.50±22.38 55-283110.14±49.85 54-448< 0.001

HDL cholesterol (mg/dl; [min-max]34.11±14.70 3-12631.00±16.24 11-1900.023

LDL cholesterol (mg/dl; [min-max]84.00±65.96 10-357118.26±85.95 20-175< 0.001

Total cholesterol (mg/dl; [min-max]152.25±70.01 37-187175.75±85.83 50-618< 0.001

Triglyceride (mg/dl; [min-max]163.70±71.72 24-209178.43±71.14 33-4790.018

hs-CRP (mg/l)2.12±3.94 0.005-2713.72±26.96 0.005-192< 0.001

, BMI, diastolic blood pressure; systolic blood pressure; glycaemia; HDL cholesterol; LDL cholesterol; total cholesterol; and triglyceride were expressed as mean ± SD. BMI, body mass index.
t-test; -square.
MetS, metabolic syndrome; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; n, size; min, minimum; max, maximum.

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