BioMed Research International / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

The Induced Membrane Technique for the Management of Segmental Tibial Defect or Nonunion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 1

Risk of bias.

+Low risk of bias
- High risk of bias
? Unclear risk of bias
X Not applicable
Apard (2010)Donegan (2011)El Afly (2015)Gupta (2016)Olesen (2015)Stafford (2010)Giannoudis (2016)Zoller (2017)Ma (2017)Cho (2017)Sasaki (2018)

Were there clear inclusion criteria for the case series?+++++++++++
Was the condition measured in a standard, reliable way for all participants included in the case series?+++++++++++
Were valid methods used to identify the condition for all participants included in the case series?+++++++++++
Did the case series include participants consecutively?-+++++++++-
Did the case series involve complete inclusion of participants?-+++++++++-
Was the reporting of the demographics of the participants in the study clear?+++++++++++
Was the reporting of the clinical information of the participants clear?+++++++++++
Were the outcomes or follow-up results of cases clearly reported?+++++++++++
Was the reporting of demographic information of the presenting site(s)/clinic(s) clear?-----------
Was the statistical analysis appropriate?XXXXXXXXXXX

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