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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 225-233

Long-Term Perseveration in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Case Report

Edith V. Sullivan1,2,3,4

1Department of Cognitive and Brain Sciences and Clinical Research Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts, USA
2and Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts, USA
3Department of Psychiatry and Brain Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
4Psychiatry Service (116A3), Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA

Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The most common clinical sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is progressive memory loss. Presented here is a case of AD who, despite ultimate profound dementia with severe amnesia, showed retention of a perseverative response she developed during 26 encounters, over 4.5 years, with the Brown–Peterson distractor test. From Test 9 onwards, she responded from the first distractor-filled trial with one consonant trigram, appearing in none of the seven test forms given her. At Test 26, she could not repeat heard trigrams yet faithfully responded with her perseverative trigram. The trigram, ostensibly declarative information, apparently became part and parcel of the task's procedure. Although perseveration is a form of impairment probably resulting from Alzheimer pathology involving frontal and parietal cortex, it may also reflect a form of preserved memory, albeit distorted, supported by posterior cortical regions spared in AD.