Astrid Morer, Odette Viñas, Luisa Lázaro, Jordi Bosch, Josep Toro, Josefina Castro, "D8/17 Monoclonal Antibody: An Unclear Neuropsychiatric Marker", Behavioural Neurology, vol. 16, Article ID 795343, 8 pages, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1155/2005/795343
D8/17 Monoclonal Antibody: An Unclear Neuropsychiatric Marker
Objective: It has been hypothesized that monoclonal antibody D8/17 identifies a B lymphocyte antigen with expanded expression in patients with rheumatic fever, childhood onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Tourette syndrome (TS) or prepubertal anorexia nervosa (AN). Our purpose was to replicate these studies in a Spanish population and to determine whether D8/17 identifies a subgroup of these patients, focusing especially on OCD subjects.Method: D8/17 expression was assessed with double immunofluorescence and flow cytometry using monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM) in three groups of patients with diagnoses of OCD (n = 17), TS (n = 5) and prepubertal AN (n = 5), recruited during 2001.Results: In the sample studied the average percentage of B cells expressing D8/17 was 4.8%. The D8/17 positive proportion of B lymphocytes was above 11% in only two out of 17 OCD patients (7.4% of total sample) and in none of the TS or prepubertal AN patients. No statistically significant differences were found in mean percentages of D8/17 between the three groups.Conclusions: In the sample studied the expression of D8/17 in B cells was very low and the great majority of patients were negative for the D8/17 marker. The molecular characterization of D8/17 would be a major step forward in clarifying its implication for these diseases.
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