Behavioural Neurology

Behavioural Neurology / 2008 / Article
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A New Impulse for Neuropsychology in Europe: The Federation of the European Societies of Neuropsychology

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Volume 19 |Article ID 424693 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/424693

M. Noulhiane, P. Piolino, D. Hasboun, S. Clemenceau, M. Baulac, S. Samson, "Autonoetic Consciousness in Autobiographical Memories after Medial Temporal Lobe Resection", Behavioural Neurology, vol. 19, Article ID 424693, 4 pages, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/424693

Autonoetic Consciousness in Autobiographical Memories after Medial Temporal Lobe Resection

Received31 Mar 2008
Accepted31 Mar 2008

Abstract

This study aims to investigate autonoetic consciousness associated with episodic autobiographical memory in patients who had undergone unilateral medial temporal lobe resection for intractable epilepsy. Autonoetic consciousness, defined as the conscious feeling of mentally travelling back in time to relive a specific event, was assessed using the Remember/Know (R/K) paradigm across different time periods as proposed in the autobiographical memory task developed by Piolino et al. (TEMPau task). Results revealed that the two patient groups (left and right temporal resection) gave reduced sense of reliving (R) responses and more familiarity (K) responses than healthy controls. This poor autonoetic consciousness was highlighted when patients were asked to justify their Remember responses by recalling sensory-perceptive, affective or spatiotemporal specific details across all life periods. These results support the bilateral MTL contribution to episodic autobiographical memory covering the entire lifespan, which is consistent with the multiple trace theory of MTL function [7,9]. This study also demonstrates the bilateral involvement of MTL structures in recalling specific details of personal events characterized by autonoetic consciousness.

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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