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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 21, Issue 3-4, Pages 155-163
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BEN-2009-0243

On the Personal Facets of Quality of Life in Chronic Neurological Disorders

Anna R. Giovagnoli,1 Antonio Martins da Silva,2 Antonio Federico,3 and Ferdinando Cornelio4

1Laboratory of Neuropsychology, "C. Besta" Neurological Institute, Milan, Italy
2Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Behaviour Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
3Neurological Department, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
4Scientific Direction, "C. Besta" Neurological Institute, Milan, Italy

Received 30 November 2009; Accepted 30 November 2009

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Quality of life (QOL) is an important clinical endpoint, but it remarkably varies in patients with similar neurological conditions. This study explored the role of spirituality (i.e., the complex of personal transcendence, connectedness, purpose, and values) in determining QOL in chronic neurological disorders.~Seventy-two patients with epilepsy, brain tumours or ischemic or immune-mediate brain damage compiled inventories for QOL (WHOQOL 100), spirituality (Spiritual, Religious and Personal Beliefs, WHOSRPB), depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI), and cognitive self-efficacy (Multiple Ability Self-Report Questionnaire, MASQ) and underwent neuropsychological testing. With respect to 45 healthy controls, the patients reported worse QOL, with no difference between the four patient subgroups. Factor analyses of the WHOSRPB, STAI, and BDI scores and of the MASQ and neuropsychological test scores yielded four (Personal Meaning, Inner Energy, Awe and Openness, Mood) and three factors (Control Functions, Cognition, Memory), respectively. Mood, Cognition, Inner Energy, schooling, and subjective health status correlated with the WHOQOL scores, but at regression analysis only Mood and Inner Energy predicted QOL. This suggests that spirituality, as a personal dimension distinct from mood, contributes to determine QOL. A multidimensional assessment of QOL, including personal facets, may explain differences between patients with chronic neurological disorders.