Behavioural Neurology / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Syntactic Comprehension in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Table 1

Each stage and examples of Syntax Test for Aphasia.

LevelStrategyDefinitionSample of Japanese (English)

IThe meaning of a wordNonreversible, active sentences in regular word order otokonoko (n) ga (p) aruiteiru (v)
(The boy is walking.)
okasan (n) ga (p) teburu (n) wo (p) fuiteiru (v)
(The mother is wiping the table.)

IIThe word orderReversible, active sentences in regular word orderonnanoko (n) ga (p) otosan (n) ni (p) purezento (n) wo (p) ageteiru (v)
(The girl is giving a present to the father.)
okasan (n) ga (p) otokonoko (n) wo (p) ositeiru (v)
(The mother is pushing the boy.)

IIIThe particle without complementizerReversible, active sentences in regular and nonregular word orderotousan (n) wo (p) onnanoko (n) ga (p) ositeiru (v)
(The father is pushed by the girl.)
otousan (n) ga (p) onnanoko (n) wo (p) ositeiru (v)
(The father pushed the girl.)

IVThe particle with complementizerReversible, passive sentences in regular and nonregular word order otosan (n) ga (p) onnanoko (n) ni (p) rinngo (n) wo (p) moratteiru (v)
(The father is given an apple from the girl.)
otosan (n) ni (p) onnanoko (n) ga (p) rinngo (n) wo (p) moratteiru (v)
(The girl is given an apple from the father.)

(n): noun; (v): verb; (p): particle.