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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 243286, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/243286
Case Report

Cavernous Angioma of the Corpus Callosum Presenting with Acute Psychosis

1Department of Neurosurgery, Padova Hospital, Via Giustiniani 1, 35100 Padova, Italy
2Department of Neuroradiology, Padova Hospital, Via Giustiniani 1, 35100 Padova, Italy

Received 16 June 2013; Accepted 12 July 2013; Published 5 March 2014

Academic Editor: Stefano F. Cappa

Copyright © 2014 Giacomo Pavesi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Psychiatric symptoms may occasionally be related to anatomic alterations of brain structures. Particularly, corpus callosum lesions seem to play a role in the change of patients’ behavior. We present a case of a sudden psychotic attack presumably due to a hemorrhagic cavernous angioma of the corpus callosum, which was surgically removed with complete resolution of symptoms. Although a developmental defect like agenesis or lipoma is present in the majority of these cases, a growing lesion of the corpus callosum can rarely be the primary cause. Since it is potentially possible to cure these patients, clinicians should be aware of this association.