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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2014, Article ID 471340, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/471340
Research Article

Blood Injury and Injection Phobia: The Neglected One

Section of Genetics, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, India

Received 8 February 2014; Revised 9 April 2014; Accepted 9 April 2014; Published 24 June 2014

Academic Editor: João Quevedo

Copyright © 2014 Ab Latif Wani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Blood injury and injection (BII) phobia is a unique phobia associated with a diphasic cardiovascular response. The aim of this survey was to report the prevalence of BII phobia, its heritability, and clinical characteristics among the males and females in the Indian subcontinent. An interview and a survey were conducted using a developed BII phobia 21-item questionnaire among 3261 participant males ( ) and females ( ). Cronbach’ alpha (α) of 0.972 of internal consistency was reported. The prevalence of BII phobia and associated fainting in females was slightly more than double in the males with a significant gender related effect. Similar avoidance behaviours involving hospital visits were reported for both males and females. The relative frequency of BII phobia among first and third degree relatives was found to be higher than among second degree relatives. Depression was found highly comorbid with BII phobia while a low rate of obsessive compulsion disorder (OCD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) was reported. Morbidity associated with BII phobia may increase dramatically when other medical problems coincide with it.