Table 3: Summary of the studies on rTMS in the treatment of cocaine addiction.

Study subjects Place of stimulationNumber of sessionsLengthFrequencyIntensity of stimulationSham stimulationAssessmentFindings

Camprodon et al. (2007) [55]6Bilateral DLPFC2 sessions20 trains of 10 s10 Hz90% MTNoCraving, anxiety, happiness, sadness, and discomfort, assessed by VAS Reduction in craving (with right DLPFC rTMS); reduction in anxiety after right-sided rTMS; increase in happiness after right-sided and in sadness after left-sided rTMS; increase in discomfort equally by left- and right-sided stimulation

Politi et al. (2008) [56]36Left DLPFC10 daily sessions20 trains of 2 s15 Hz100% MTNoClinical assessment of craving related symptomsReduction in craving

DLPFC: dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; MT: motor threshold; VAS: visual analogue scale.