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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2014, Article ID 897282, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/897282
Review Article

Quantitative Evaluation of the Use of Actigraphy for Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders

1Department of Neurology, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China
2Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
3Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
4Department of Neurology, Kansai University Clinic, Kansai University of Health Sciences, Osaka 590-0482, Japan
5Educational Physiology Laboratory, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Received 3 April 2014; Revised 26 July 2014; Accepted 7 August 2014; Published 19 August 2014

Academic Editor: Mario Zappia

Copyright © 2014 Weidong Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Quantitative and objective evaluation of disease severity and/or drug effect is necessary in clinical practice. Wearable accelerometers such as an actigraph enable long-term recording of a patient’s movement during activities and they can be used for quantitative assessment of symptoms due to various diseases. We reviewed some applications of actigraphy with analytical methods that are sufficiently sensitive and reliable to determine the severity of diseases and disorders such as motor and nonmotor disorders like Parkinson’s disease, sleep disorders, depression, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) for vascular dementia (VD), seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and stroke, as well as the effects of drugs used to treat them. We believe it is possible to develop analytical methods to assess more neurological or psychopathic disorders using actigraphy records.