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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2015, Article ID 621873, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/621873
Research Article

Cognitive Impairments in LRRK2-Related Parkinson’s Disease: A Study in Chinese Individuals

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China

Received 13 June 2015; Revised 30 July 2015; Accepted 2 August 2015

Academic Editor: Gianfranco Spalletta

Copyright © 2015 Yifan Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. LRRK2 S1647T has been identified as a polymorphic risk variant for Parkinson’s disease (PD) in Chinese individuals. As LRRK2 is the most common genetic cause for PD, it has drawn great interest regarding whether cognitive impairments in PD are related with LRRK2. Purpose. This study aimed to explore the effects of LRRK2 S1647T polymorphism on cognitive function in PD. Method. 90 PD patients were randomly recruited. They underwent a series of clinical evaluations and genetic testing for the LRRK2 S1647T polymorphism. Global intellect and five cognitive domains (language fluency, visuospatial function, attention, memory, and executive function) were compared between S1647T carriers and noncarriers. Results. No differences in motor features were found between two groups, but the executive function evaluation showed that Stroop word colour test time (SWCT-TIME) scores were lower in LRRK2 S1647T carriers than in noncarriers (). However, multiple linear regression analysis indicated that the correlation between S1647T polymorphism and SWCT-TIME scores did not reach significant level (). Conclusion. Our findings suggest that cognitive impairments are not correlated with different LRRK2 S1647T polymorphisms in Chinese PD individuals.