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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2015, Article ID 720141, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/720141
Review Article

Relationship between Postmenopausal Estrogen Deficiency and Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Department of Neurosurgery, Tottori Prefectural Central Hospital, Tottori 680-0901, Japan

Received 13 May 2015; Revised 9 July 2015; Accepted 2 August 2015

Academic Editor: Hrayr Attarian

Copyright © 2015 Sadaharu Tabuchi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is one of the most severe forms of stroke, which results from the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm. SAH is the only type of stroke with a female predominance, suggesting that reproductive factors may play a significant role in the etiology. Estrogen has important effects on vascular physiology and pathophysiology of cerebral aneurysm and SAH and, thus, potential therapeutic implications. There have been growing bodies of epidemiological and experimental studies which support the hypothesis of a significant relationship between estrogen deficiency and cerebral aneurysm formation with subsequent SAH. This hypothesis is the focus of this review as well as possible pathology-based therapeutics with regard to aspects of molecular pathophysiology, especially related to women’s health.