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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 786928, 8 pages
Review Article

Behavioural and Cognitive-Behavioural Treatments of Parasomnias

1Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Department of Neurology, Sleep Disorders Center, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20127 Milan, Italy
2Faculty of Psychology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, 20132 Milan, Italy
3Clinical Neurology, Section for Neuromuscular Diseases and Neuropathies, University Hospital “Spedali Civili”, 25123 Brescia, Italy

Received 1 March 2015; Accepted 12 May 2015

Academic Editor: Vincent C. Mok

Copyright © 2015 Andrea Galbiati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Parasomnias are unpleasant or undesirable behaviours or experiences that occur predominantly during or within close proximity to sleep. Pharmacological treatments of parasomnias are available, but their efficacy is established only for few disorders. Furthermore, most of these disorders tend spontaneously to remit with development. Nonpharmacological treatments therefore represent valid therapeutic choices. This paper reviews behavioural and cognitive-behavioural managements employed for parasomnias. Referring to the ICSD-3 nosology we consider, respectively, NREM parasomnias, REM parasomnias, and other parasomnias. Although the efficacy of some of these treatments is proved, in other cases their clinical evidence cannot be provided because of the small size of the samples. Due to the rarity of some parasomnias, further multicentric researches are needed in order to offer a more complete account of behavioural and cognitive-behavioural treatments efficacy.