Behavioural Neurology / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Are “Theory of Mind” Skills in People with Epilepsy Related to How Stigmatised They Feel? An Exploratory Study

Table 3

Association between demographic/clinical factors and Theory of Mind test performance.

FactorsTheory of Mind test
Reading mind in the eyes testFaux pas test
Mean (SD)Unadjusted
B (95% CI)
Adjusted
B (95% CI)
Mean (SD)Unadjusted
B (95% CI)
Adjusted
B (95% CI)

Age (years)−0.005 (−0.017, 0.006)−0.008 (−0.022, 0.006)

Sex (n/%)
 Male 6.90 (1.79)1.00 Reference9.83 (3.76)1.00 Reference
 Female6.93 (1.64)0.033 (−0.344, 0.412)10.42 (3.51)0.437 (−0.050, 0.926)

Highest educational attainment (n/%)
 Basic school certificate or lower6.58 (1.76)1.00 Reference9.91 (3.60)1.00 Reference
 Advanced school certificate or equivalent7.04 (1.72)0.145 (−0.222, 0.513)10.03 (3.62)−0.182 (−0.657, 0.293)
 University degree, diploma, or higher7.05 (1.59)0.271 (−0.024, 0.567)10.59 (3.52)0.438 (0.053, 0.824)0.096 (−0.299, 0.492)

Employment (n/%)
 Employed (full/part-time)/student7.06 (1.60)1.00 Reference10.63 (3.48)1.00 Reference
 Homemaker/others6.63 (1.77)−0.363 (−0.751, 0.024)10.03 (3.76)−0.233 (−0.723, 0.257)
 Unemployed6.80 (1.78)−0.159 (−0.539, 0.221)9.59 (3.55)−0.661 (−1.135, −0.186)−0.529 (−1.006, −0.051)

Epilepsy onset
 ≤12 years6.69 (1.89)1.00 Reference5.27 (2.20)1.00 Reference
 >12 years 7.00 (1.60)0.316 (−0.059, 0.691)5.55 (2.20)0.278 (−0.174, 0.731)

Duration of epilepsy−0.011 (−0.021, −0.001)−0.015 (−0.025, −0.004)−0.003 (−0.017, 0.010)

Marital status
 Single6.85 (1.72)1.00 Reference10.31 (3.55)1.00 Reference
 Married6.99 (1.61)0.110 (−0.183, 0.405)10.20 (3.63)−0.094 (−0.485, 0.295)
 Divorced7.06 (1.75)0.147 (−0.383, 0.678)10.71 (3.40)0.172 (−0.515, 0.861)

Antiepileptic medication (n/%)
 Monotherapy or none7.04 (1.66)1.00 Reference10.38 (3.55)1.00 Reference
 Polytherapy6.82 (1.69)−0.225 (−0.519, 0.068)10.22 (3.59)−0.092 (−0.478, 0.293)

Seizures (any type) prior 12 months (n/%)
 No 7.02 (1.76)1.00 Reference5.82 (2.04)1.00 Reference
 Yes6.89 (1.64)−0.134 (−0.464, 0.195)5.34 (2.25)−0.477 (−0.880, −0.074)−0.304 (−0.708, 0.099)

Experience convulsive seizures? (n/%)
 Yes 6.94 (1.68)1.00 Reference10.30 (3.52)1.00 Reference
 No 6.89 (1.66)−0.044 (−0.379, 0.290)10.31 (3.71)−0.102 (−0.554, 0.349)

Reported cause of epilepsy
 Unknown6.98 (1.66)1.00 Reference10.41 (3.47)1.00 Reference
 Acquired brain injury7.01 (1.57)0.095 (−0.291, 0.482)10.03 (4.12)−0.176 (−0.771, 0.418)
 Others6.69 (1.79)−0.296 (−0.692, 0.100)10.13 (3.43)−0.298 (−0.773, 0.176)

Impact of epilepsy 0.001 (−0.020, 0.024)0.008 (−0.020, 0.038)

Spot the word test (corrects)0.076 (0.048, 0.104)0.081 (0.053, 0.109)0.086 (0.051, 0.122)0.081 (0.044, 0.118)

Model summary = 19.29, , = 8.98, ,

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