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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2018, Article ID 2892065, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2892065
Clinical Study

A Comparative Study of Conventional Physiotherapy versus Robot-Assisted Gait Training Associated to Physiotherapy in Individuals with Ataxia after Stroke

1Physiology Department, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Physiotherapy Department, Associação de Assistência a Criança Deficiente (AACD), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Marcia Belas dos Santos; moc.liamg@sotnassalebm

Received 26 September 2017; Revised 4 December 2017; Accepted 1 January 2018; Published 20 February 2018

Academic Editor: Tauheed Ishrat

Copyright © 2018 Marcia Belas dos Santos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To assess the influence of RAGT on balance, coordination, and functional independence in activities of daily living of chronic stroke survivors with ataxia at least one year of injury. Methods. It was a randomized controlled trial. The patients were allocated to either therapist-assisted gait training (TAGT) or robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT). Both groups received 3 weekly sessions of physiotherapy with an estimated duration of 60 minutes each and prescribed home exercises. The following outcome measures were evaluated prior to and after the completion of the 5-month protocol treatment: BBS, TUG test, FIM, and SARA. For intragroup comparisons, the Wilcoxon test was used, and the Mann–Whitney test was used for between-group comparison. Results. Nineteen stroke survivors with ataxia sequel after one year of injury were recruited. Both groups showed statistically significant improvement () in balance, functional independencein, and general ataxia symptoms. There were no statistically significant differences () for between-group comparisons both at baseline and after completion of the protocol. Conclusions. Chronic stroke patients with ataxia had significant improvements in balance and independence in activities of daily living after RAGT along with conventional therapy and home exercises. This trial was registered with trial registration number 39862414.6.0000.5505.