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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2018, Article ID 6737056, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6737056
Review Article

System Framework of Robotics in Upper Limb Rehabilitation on Poststroke Motor Recovery

1Institute of Robotics and Intelligent System, School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Intelligent Robots, Xi’an 710049, China
3Baoxing Hospital, Shenzhen 518100, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jing Wang; moc.liamg@elepgnaw and Weina Wen; moc.yyxbzs@newnwzs

Received 6 May 2018; Revised 4 August 2018; Accepted 28 August 2018; Published 13 December 2018

Academic Editor: Jesus Pastor

Copyright © 2018 Kai Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Neurological impairments such as stroke cause damage to the functional mobility of survivors and affect their ability to perform activities of daily living. Recently, robotic treatment for upper limb stroke rehabilitation has received significant attention because it can provide high-intensity and repetitive movement therapy. In this review, the current status of upper limb rehabilitation robots is explored. Firstly, an overview of mechanical design of robotics for upper-limb rehabilitation and clinical effects of part robots are provided. Then, the comparisons of human-machine interactions, control strategies, driving modes, and training modes are described. Finally, the development and the possible future directions of the upper limb rehabilitation robot are discussed.