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Biochemistry Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 3130469, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3130469
Review Article

Biosensors in Health Care: The Milestones Achieved in Their Development towards Lab-on-Chip-Analysis

Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492099, India

Received 15 October 2015; Revised 4 January 2016; Accepted 19 January 2016

Academic Editor: Gary A. Lorigan

Copyright © 2016 Suprava Patel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Immense potentiality of biosensors in medical diagnostics has driven scientists in evolution of biosensor technologies and innovating newer tools in time. The cornerstone of the popularity of biosensors in sensing wide range of biomolecules in medical diagnostics is due to their simplicity in operation, higher sensitivity, ability to perform multiplex analysis, and capability to be integrated with different function by the same chip. There remains a huge challenge to meet the demands of performance and yield to its simplicity and affordability. Ultimate goal stands for providing point-of-care testing facility to the remote areas worldwide, particularly the developing countries. It entails continuous development in technology towards multiplexing ability, fabrication, and miniaturization of biosensor devices so that they can provide lab-on-chip-analysis systems to the community.