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Critical Care Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 179719, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/179719
Research Article

Sonographic Lobe Localization of Alveolar-Interstitial Syndrome in the Critically Ill

1Department of Radiology, Evangelismos Hospital, NKUA, 10676 Athens, Greece
21st Critical Care Medicine Department, Evangelismos Hospital, NKUA, 10676 Athens, Greece
3Radiology Department, Attikon University Hospital, 12462 Athens, Greece
4Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jay B. Langner Critical Care Service Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 10467 Bronx NY, USA
5Department of Biostatistics, Texas Tech University, 79409 Lubbock, TX, USA
6Intensive Care Unit, General State Hospital of Athens, 11523 Athens, Greece

Received 18 February 2012; Accepted 22 February 2012

Academic Editor: Apostolos Papalois

Copyright © 2012 Konstantinos Stefanidis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Fast and accurate diagnosis of alveolar-interstitial syndrome is of major importance in the critically ill. We evaluated the utility of lung ultrasound (US) in detecting and localizing alveolar-interstitial syndrome in respective pulmonary lobes as compared to computed tomography scans (CT). Methods. One hundred and seven critically ill patients participated in the study. The presence of diffuse comet-tail artifacts was considered a sign of alveolar-interstitial syndrome. We designated lobar reflections along intercostal spaces and surface lines by means of sonoanatomy in an effort to accurately localize lung pathology. Each sonographic finding was thereafter grouped into the respective lobe. Results. From 107 patients, 77 were finally included in the analysis (42 males with mean age years, APACHE II score , and lung injury score ). US exhibited high sensitivity and specificity values (ranging from over 80% for the lower lung fields up to over 90% for the upper lung fields) and considerable consistency in the diagnosis and localization of alveolar-interstitial syndrome. Conclusions. US is a reliable, bedside method for accurate detection and localization of alveolar-interstitial syndrome in the critically ill.