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Critical Care Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 2175436, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2175436
Research Article

Perceived versus Observed Patient Safety Measures in a Critical Care Unit from a Teaching Hospital in Southern Colombia

1South Colombian University, Neiva, Colombia
2Neiva University Hospital, Neiva, Colombia
3Trauma and Emergency Service, Neiva University Hospital, Neiva, Colombia
4MEDITECH Foundation, Neiva, Colombia

Received 22 November 2015; Accepted 24 January 2016

Academic Editor: Larry M. Gentilello

Copyright © 2016 Jorge Hernan Montenegro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Patient safety is an important topic. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the perceived versus observed patient safety measures (PSM) in critically ill patients in a teaching hospital in Latin America. Materials and Methods. The level of perceived patient safety was evaluated with the patient safety hospital survey. Three months later, a qualitative study was conducted, including video recording of procedures, graded according to adherence to PSM. Levels of adherence were scored during patient mobilization (PM), placement of central catheters (PCC), other invasive procedures (OIP), infection control (IC), and endotracheal intubation (ETI). Results. The perceived adherence of PSM in the prestudy survey was considered fair by 89.1% of the ICU staff. After the survey, 829 ICU procedures were video-recorded. Mean observed adherence for fair patient safety measures was 20.8%. Perceived adherence was higher than the real patient safety protocol measures observed in the videos. Conclusion. Perception of PSM was higher than observed in the management of critically ill patients in a teaching hospital in southern Colombia.