Critical Care Research and Practice / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

An Analysis of Pay-for-Performance Schemes and Their Potential Impacts on Health Systems and Outcomes for Patients

Table 1

Key distinguishing characteristics of common P4P structures.

StructuresIncentiveBenchmarkQuality measures

Based on comparison with othersReward-basedAbsolute performanceOutcome-based
Based on standards of carePenalty-basedN/AProcess-based
Based on past evidenceN/ARelative performanceStructure-based