Critical Care Research and Practice / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Subclinical Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients with Septic Shock Based on Sepsis-3 Definition: A Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography Study

Table 1

Baseline characteristics and comparisons between patients with sepsis and those with septic shock.

Septic shock (n = 90)Sepsis (n = 37) value

Age, mean (years)68.8 ± 15.164.1 ± 19.80.334
Male, n (%)67 (74.4)33 (89.2)0.066
Comorbidities
Hypertension, n (%)37 (41.1)21 (56.8)0.109
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)22 (24.4)7 (18.9)0.504
Stroke, n (%)12 (13.3)6 (16.2)0.675
Chronic renal failure, n (%)19 (21.1)6 (16.2)0.532
COPD, n (%)2 (2.2)3 (8.1)0.123
Liver disease, n (%)16 (17.8)4 (10.8)0.331
Source of infection0.933
Abdominal35 (38.9)18 (48.7)
Respiratory43 (47.8)16 (43.2)
Kidney5 (5.6)1 (2.7)
Skin6 (6.6)1 (2.7)
Others1 (1.1)1 (2.7)
Bacteremia32 (35.6)8 (21.6)0.126
  Gram-positive6 (18.8)3 (37.5)
  Gram-negative21 (65.6)4 (50)
  Others5 (15.6)1 (12.5)
Pulse (beat/min)102.4 ± 18.794.3 ± 18.90.028
MAP (mmHg)70.4 ± 12.892.5 ± 11.7<0.001
CVP (mmHg)7.2 ± 2.76.6 ± 2.30.269
Norepinephrine (μg/kg/min)0.4 ± 0.4
CRRT, n (%)51 (57.3)6 (16.7)<0.001
Mechanical ventilation, n (%)80 (88.9)23 (62.0)<0.001
SOFA score10.7 ± 3.34.5 ± 2.6<0.001
APACHE II score20.1 ± 7.912.7 ± 5.2<0.001
ICU LOS, days7.9 ± 7.25.6 ± 4.40.346
Hospital LOS, days19.1 ± 15.619.1 ± 12.00.984
In-hospital mortality, n (%)39 (43.3)4 (10.8)<0.001

Data are presented as means ± SD and number (n) of patients (%), as appropriate. APACHE II: acute physiology and chronic health evaluation, COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CVP: central venous pressure, CRRT: continuous renal replacement therapy, ICU: intensive care unit, SOFA: sequential organ failure assessment, LOS: length of stay, and MAP: mean arterial pressure. .

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.