Table 1: Risk variables and definitions within each category.


Drinking consequencesJuvenile arrest rate for liquor violations
Percent of alcohol-related vehicle crashes; drivers 10–17
Percent of alcohol-related vehicle crashes; drivers 18–21
Juvenile alcohol treatment admission rate

UrbanicityPopulation density
Percent of population living in urban areas

PovertyPercent of residential properties vacant
Percent of children living below the poverty level (BPL)
Percent of total population living BPL
Unemployment rate
Percent of population receiving temporary assistance to needy families [TANF]
Percent of population receiving food stamps
Percent of students receiving free/reduced-price lunches
Percent of single-parent households

Alcohol outlet densityNumber of alcohol licenses per 1,000 persons