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Child Development Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 596028, 7 pages
Research Article

Developmental Readiness in the Understanding of Own and Other’s False Beliefs

Universitat de Girona, Plaça Sant Domènec, No. 9, 17071 Girona, Spain

Received 10 July 2014; Revised 15 September 2014; Accepted 15 September 2014; Published 14 October 2014

Academic Editor: Nobuo Masataka

Copyright © 2014 Anna Amadó et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


One of the most important milestones in the development of theory of mind is the understanding of false beliefs. This study compares children’s understanding of representational change and others’ false beliefs and evaluates the effectiveness of an appearance-reality training for improving children’s false belief understanding. A total of 78 children ranging in age from 41 to 47 months were trained in three sessions and evaluated in a pretest and in a posttest. The results show that for children it is easier to understand representational change than false beliefs in others, and that the improvement after training was greater when starting from a higher score in the pretest. The implications of this for training in false belief understanding are discussed.