Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 614814, 6 pages
Research Article

Interactions of Overweight, Poor Oral Health, and Stress Related to Chronic Disease in an Aging Population

Division of Health Programs, International Relief & Development, Inc., 1621 North Kent Street, Arlington, VA 22209, USA

Received 26 June 2010; Revised 9 September 2010; Accepted 24 October 2010

Academic Editor: Dennis Daniel Taub

Copyright © 2010 Julia W. Albright. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. M. Lee, L. Djoussé, H. D. Sesso, L. Wang, and J. E. Buring, “Physical activity and weight gain prevention,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 303, no. 12, pp. 1173–1179, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. D'Aiuto, W. Sabbah, G. Netuveli et al., “Association of the metabolic syndrome with severe periodontitis in a large U.S. population-based survey,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 3989–3994, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. G. P. Chrousos, “Stress and disorders of the stress system,” Nature Reviews Endocrinology, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 374–381, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. O. A. Jones, M. L. Maguire, and T. L. Griffin, “Environmental pollution and diabetes: a neglected association,” The Lancet, vol. 371, no. 10, pp. 287–288, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  5. J. E. Ware Jr. and C. D. Sherbourne, “The MOS 36—item short—form health survey ( SF 36 ). I. Conceptual framework and item selection,” Medical Care, vol. 30, no. 6, p. 483, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  6. V. Hayes, J. Morris, C. Wolfe, and M. Morgan, “The SF-36 health survey questionnaire: is it suitable for use with older adults?” Age and Ageing, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 120–125, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  7. WHO Expert Consultation, “Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies,” The Lancet, vol. 363, pp. 902–916, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  8. American Psychological Association, “How does stress affect us ?”
  9. WHO Global InfoBase,
  10. M. Siervo, J. C. Wells, and G. Cizza, “The contribution of psychosocial stress to the obesity epidemic: an evolutionary approach,” Hormone and Metabolic Research, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 261–270, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. B. S. McEwen, “Physiology and neurobiology of stress and adaptation: central role of the brain,” Physiological Reviews, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 873–904, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. M. F. Dallman, N. Pecoraro, S. F. Akana et al., “Chronic stress and obesity: a new view of "comfort food",” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 20, pp. 11696–11701, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. N. A. Christakis and J. H. Fowler, “The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 4, pp. 370–379, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Shlossman, W. C. Knowler, D. J. Pettitt, and R. J. Genco, “Type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease,” The Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 532–536, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. D. Cani, J. Amar, M. A. Iglesias et al., “Metabolic endotoxemia initiates obesity and insulin resistance,” Diabetes, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 1761–1772, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. I. B. Lamster, E. Lalla, W. S. Borgnakke, and G. W. Taylor, “The relationship between oral health and diabetes mellitus,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 139, no. 10, pp. 19S–24S, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. F. Albright and J. W. Albright, “A gut reaction: aging affects gut-associated immunity,” in Microbiology and Aging, S. Percival, Ed., pp. 175–222, Springer Science, Business Media, New York, NY, USA, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Schaeffler, P. Gross, R. Buettner et al., “Fatty acid-induced induction of Toll-like receptor-4/nuclear factor-κB pathway in adipocytes links nutritional signalling with innate immunity,” Immunology, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 233–245, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Yamashita, Y. Soga, Y. Iwamoto et al., “Macrophage-adipocyte interaction: marked interleukin-6 production by lipopolysaccharide,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 2549–2552, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. G. Hajishengallis, H. Sojar, R. J. Genco, and E. DeNardin, “Intracellular signaling and cytokine induction upon interactions of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae with pattern-recognition receptors,” Immunological Investigations, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 157–172, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  21. G. Hajishengallis, M. Wang, and S. Liang, “Induction of distinct TLR2-mediated proinflammatory and proadhesive signaling pathways in response to Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 182, no. 11, pp. 6690–6696, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Yamashita, Y. Soga, Y. Iwamoto et al., “DNA microarray analyses of genes expressed differentially in 3T3-L1 adipocytes co-cultured with murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 in the presence of the Toll-like receptor 4 ligand bacterial endotoxin,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1725–1729, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. K. Zhang and R. J. Kaufman, “From endoplasmic-reticulum stress to the inflammatory response,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7203, pp. 455–462, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. P. E. Peterson, “World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health—World Health Assembly 2007,” International Dental Journal, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 115–121, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  25. World Health Organization, World Health Statistics, “Health work force, infrastructure, essential medicines,” 2009, .
  26. J. V. Neel, “Diabetes mellitus: a ‘thrifty’ genotype rendered detrimental by ‘progress’?” American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 353–362, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  27. L. M. Candib, “Obesity and diabetes in vulnerable populations: reflection on proximal and distal causes,” Annals of Family Medicine, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 547–554, 2007. View at Google Scholar